High-power lasers can be used to induce ionization of gases and thereby enable rapid triggering of electrical discharge devices, potentially faster than any devices based on mechanical or solid-state switching. With diffractive optical elements (DOEs) the laser light can conveniently be directed to positions within the gas so that an electrical discharge between two high-voltage electrodes is triggered reliably and rapidly. Here we report on two different types of DOE used for creating an electrical discharge in pure argon for potential high-voltage applications. One is the diffractive equivalent of a conventional axicon that yields an extended, and continuous, high-intensity focal region between the electrodes. The other is a multiple-focal-distance kinoform—a DOE that is designed to produce a linear array of 20 discrete foci, with high peak intensities, between the electrodes. We show that DOEs enable efficient, rapid switching and may provide increased flexibility in the design of novel electrode configurations.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
Mats Ekberg, Anders Sunesson, Mikael Bergkvist, Arne Gustavsson, Jan Isberg, Hans Bernhoff, Per Skytt, Jörgen Bengtsson, Sverker Hård, and Michael Larsson, "Laser-triggered high-voltage plasma switching with diffractive optics," Appl. Opt. 40, 2611-2617 (2001)