OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 40, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2001
  • pp: 2626–2631

Ultraviolet groove efficiency of a holographic grating: implications for a dual-order spectrograph

Stephan R. McCandliss, Eric B. Burgh, and Paul D. Feldman  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 16, pp. 2626-2631 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.40.002626


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (118 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The ultraviolet groove efficiency for a holographically ruled diffraction grating with a trapezoidal profile has been measured. The efficiencies for the ±1 and the zero orders are in good agreement with those derived from scalar theory. The ±1 orders have equal efficiency as a function of wavelength. The peak of the sum of fitted groove efficiency functions is 76%, a level that is competitive with the groove efficiency of a mechanically blazed grating. We suggest that a normal-incidence grating mount with detectors at both orders will offer a system with twice the efficiency and provide a built-in redundancy. We discuss design considerations for reducing astigmatism equally in both orders in such dual-order mountings.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(090.1000) Holography : Aberration compensation
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(260.7210) Physical optics : Ultraviolet, vacuum
(350.6090) Other areas of optics : Space optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 6, 2000
Published: June 1, 2001

Citation
Stephan R. McCandliss, Eric B. Burgh, and Paul D. Feldman, "Ultraviolet groove efficiency of a holographic grating: implications for a dual-order spectrograph," Appl. Opt. 40, 2626-2631 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-40-16-2626


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, “Simple selection rules for VUV and XUV diffraction gratings,” Appl. Opt. 17, 1087–1092 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. W. Wood, “The echelette grating for the infrared,” Phil. Mag. 20, 770–778 (1910). [CrossRef]
  3. R. W. Wood, Physical Optics, 3rd ed. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 264.
  4. S. R. McCandliss, P. D. Feldman, J. B. McPhate, E. B. Burgh, C. Pankratz, R. Pelton, S. Nikzad, O. Siegmund, J. Vallerga, “Current and planned FUV technology development at the Johns Hopkins University,” in Ultraviolet-Optical Space Astronomy Beyond HST, A. Morse, J. M. Shull, A. L. Kinney, eds., Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series 164 (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, 1999), pp. 437–445.
  5. G. R. Harrison, “The diffraction grating—an opinionated appraisal,” Appl. Opt. 12, 2039–2049 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Dravins, “High-dispersion astronomical spectroscopy with holographic and ruled diffraction gratings,” Appl. Opt. 17, 404–414 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. H. Mount, W. G. Fastie, “Comprehensive analysis of gratings for ultraviolet space instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3108–3116 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. J. Dunning, M. L. Minden, “Scattering from high efficiency diffraction gratings,” Appl. Opt. 19, 2419–2425 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Kielkopf, “Echelle and holographic gratings compared for scattering and spectral resolution,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3327–3331 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. G. Tull, “A comparison of holographic and echelle gratings in astronomical spectrometry,” in Instrumentation for Ground-Based Optical Astronomy, Present and Future, The Ninth Santa Cruz Summer Workshop in Astronomy and Astrophysics, L. B. Robinson, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988), pp. 104–117.
  11. J. Flamand, F. Bonnemason, A. Thevenon, J. M. Lerner, “Blazing of holographic gratings using ion-etching,” in Raman Scattering, Luminescence, and Spectroscopic Instrumentation in Technology, F. Adar, J. E. Griffiths, J. M. Lerner, eds., Proc. SPIE1055, 288–294 (1989). [CrossRef]
  12. J. F. Seely, M. P. Kowalski, R. G. Cruddace, J. C. Rife, T. W. Barbee, W. R. Hunter, G. E. Holland, “High-efficiency holographic ion-etched gratings with multilayer coatings and operating on-blaze at normal incidence in the 125 to 300 Å range,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics III, R B. Hoover, A B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE2805, 148–155 (1996).
  13. P. F. Romanenko, M. V. Sopinski, I. Z. Indutnyi, “Blazed holographic diffraction grating fabrication using As2Se3 inorganic photoresist,” in OPTIKA ’98: 5th Congress on Modern Optics, G. Akos, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmaniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE3573, 457–460 (1998).
  14. E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, D. Maystre, “Grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2711–2721 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. W. Wood, “On the remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Phil. Mag. 4, 396–402 (1902). [CrossRef]
  16. D. Maystre, “Rigorous vector theories of diffraction gratings,” in Progress in Optics XXI, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, New York, 1984), Vol. 21, Chap. 1, pp. 1–67. [CrossRef]
  17. W. G. Fastie, D. E. Kerr, “Spectroradiometric calibration techniques in the far ultraviolet: stable emission source for the Lyman bands of molecular hydrogen,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2133–2142 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Wirgin, “Scattering from sinusoidal gratings: an evaluation of the Kirchhoff approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1028–1041 (1983). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Haber, “The torus grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 153–165 (1950). [CrossRef]
  20. T. Namioka, “Theory of the ellipsoidal concave grating. I,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 4–12 (1961). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Grange, “Aberration-reduced holographic spherical gratings for Rowland circle spectrographs,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3744–3749 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. Noda, T. Namioka, M. Seya, “Geometric theory of the grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1031–1036 (1974). [CrossRef]
  23. There is another astigmatism correction solution a = c = R cos α cos β and b = R(cos α cos β)1/2 that has the added advantage of yielding a smaller spherical aberration25 term but the disadvantage of being somewhat less intuitive, since none of the semiaxes are equal to the Rowland circle diameter.
  24. J.-L. Reynaud, “Test results of the 5800g/mm ROALEX holographic grating from Jobin–Yvon,” memo from Laboratorie d’Astronomie Spatiale du CNRS (Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, Marseille, France, 1994).
  25. P. Davila, D. Content, C. Trout, “Aberration-corrected aspheric gratings for far-ultraviolet spectrographs: holographic approach,” Appl. Opt. 31, 949–954 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited