Upconversion emission has been obtained from Er-focused ion-beam (FIB) implanted GaN. Visible green emission at the 522- and 546-nm range were excited with infrared (IR) laser sources at either 840 or 1000 nm, or with both lasers simultaneously. By implanting closely spaced patterns with the FIB, we demonstrated the concept of storing data in Er-implanted GaN. Information stored as data bits consists of patterns of implanted locations as logic 1 and unimplanted locations as logic 0. The photon upconversion process in Er ions is utilized to read the stored information. This process makes use of the IR lasers to excite visible emission. The integrated upconversion emission power was measured to be ~40 pW when pumped by a 840-nm laser at 265 mW and by a 1000-nm laser at 208 mW. Patterns as small as 0.5 μm were implanted and read. Three-dimensional optical memory based on rare-earth-doped semiconductors could in theory approach a storage capacity of 10<sup>12</sup> bits/cm<sup>3</sup>.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(210.0210) Optical data storage : Optical data storage
(210.4680) Optical data storage : Optical memories
(230.4000) Optical devices : Microstructure fabrication
(260.3800) Physical optics : Luminescence
Boon K. Lee, Robert Chih-Jen Chi, David Liang-Chiun Chao, Ji Cheng, Irving Yeong-Ning Chry, Fred R. Beyette, and Andrew J. Steckl, "High-Density Er-Implanted GaN Optical Memory Devices," Appl. Opt. 40, 3552-3558 (2001)