High-frequency phase polarization gratings are fabricated holographically in dichromated gelatin dyed with malachite green. It is observed that the intensity of the −1 diffracted beam is a sinusoidal function of the incident polarization angle. In addition, we analyze the dependence of the diffracted order polarization on grating frequency. It is evident from our results that form birefringence becomes significant when the grating period is smaller than the illumination wavelength, thus modifying the optically induced birefringence. Then, in polarization hologram reconstruction, it is not possible to obtain the polarization distribution at the recording step for high-frequency objects.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
[Optical Society of America ]
Geminiano Martinez-Ponce and Cristina Solano, "Induced and Form Birefringence in High-Frequency Polarization Gratings," Appl. Opt. 40, 3850-3854 (2001)