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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 40, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2001
  • pp: 4588–4607

Advanced laser-backlit grazing-incidence x-ray imaging systems for inertial confinement fusion research. II. Tolerance analysis

Guy R. Bennett and James A. Folta  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 25, pp. 4588-4607 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.40.004588


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Abstract

Two example ultrahigh-spatial-resolution laser-backlit grazing-incidence x-ray microscope designs for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research have been described [Appl. Opt. 40, 4570 (2001)]. Here details of fabrication, assembly, and optical surface errors that are characteristic of present state-of-the-art superpolished multilayer-coated spherical mirrors are given. They indicate that good image qualities can be expected; in particular, <0.5-µm spatial resolution at very high x-ray energies (up to 25 keV) appears to be feasible: Existing ICF imaging diagnostics approach ∼2 µm spatial at low (<2 keV) energy. The improvement in resolution compared with that of other grazing-incidence devices is attributed to a fortuitous residual on-axis aberration dependence on short wavelengths; recent advances in mirror fabrication, including a new thin-film deposition technique to correct figure errors precisely in one dimension; and novel design. For even higher resolutions, a means of creating precise aspherical mirrors of spheric-quality microroughness may be possible by use of the same deposition technique.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.4850) Imaging systems : Optical transfer functions
(120.6650) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Surface measurements, figure
(290.5880) Scattering : Scattering, rough surfaces
(340.0340) X-ray optics : X-ray optics
(340.7440) X-ray optics : X-ray imaging
(340.7470) X-ray optics : X-ray mirrors

History
Original Manuscript: January 17, 2001
Revised Manuscript: April 30, 2001
Published: September 1, 2001

Citation
Guy R. Bennett and James A. Folta, "Advanced laser-backlit grazing-incidence x-ray imaging systems for inertial confinement fusion research. II. Tolerance analysis," Appl. Opt. 40, 4588-4607 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-40-25-4588

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