The polarization properties of single-mode optical fibers are theoretically modeled with use of the Jones formalism. The fiber is described as an elliptical birefringent plate. The properties predicted by this model are discussed and lead to the development of a simple experimental method to extract the parameters that describe a real fiber. A magneto-optic method that measures the beat length of the fiber is also presented and gives a more complete description of the fiber. The validity of the model is then clearly established. Finally, the wavelength dependence of the parameters characteristic of the fiber is experimentally investigated.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
Thierry Chartier, Ammar Hideur, Cafer Özkul, Fraņois Sanchez, and Guy M. Stéphan, "Measurement of the Elliptical Birefringence of Single-Mode Optical Fibers," Appl. Opt. 40, 5343-5353 (2001)