OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 40, Iss. 32 — Nov. 10, 2001
  • pp: 5830–5839

Diffractive optical elements as raster-image generators

Matthias Gruber  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 32, pp. 5830-5839 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.40.005830


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1949 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The use of diffractive optical elements (DOEs) to generate complex raster images for a primarily artistic purpose is dealt with. Aspects of human vision that are relevant for the design of such elements are discussed. A design method based on an iterative Fourier transform algorithm and extended with elements from the direct-binary-search and the simulated-annealing algorithms is described. The proposed method provides a large set of parameters that can be adjusted freely to optimize it for any given design task. For demonstration a phase-only DOE was designed that generates an image of a Chinese dragon as a diffraction pattern. It was realized as a surface-relief element on a planar substrate through multilevel binary lithography and reactive-ion etching. Experimental tests confirm the usefulness of the design and the fabrication procedures to achieve excellent image quality.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1380) Diffraction and gratings : Binary optics
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(070.2580) Fourier optics and signal processing : Paraxial wave optics
(070.4550) Fourier optics and signal processing : Correlators
(100.2810) Image processing : Halftone image reproduction
(100.5090) Image processing : Phase-only filters

History
Original Manuscript: August 30, 2000
Revised Manuscript: May 24, 2001
Published: November 10, 2001

Citation
Matthias Gruber, "Diffractive optical elements as raster-image generators," Appl. Opt. 40, 5830-5839 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-40-32-5830

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited