OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 40, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 2001
  • pp: 6102–6110

Simultaneous Retrievals of Temperature and Volume Mixing Ratio Constituents from Nonoxygen Odin Submillimeter Radiometer Bands

Philippe Baron, Frank Merino, and Donal Murtagh  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 33, pp. 6102-6110 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (237 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the retrieval of temperature and O3 volume mixing ratio profiles in the middle atmosphere from a single strong O3 line. We performed the study using simulated limb-sounding measurements in the frame of the submillimeter radiometer (SMR) instrument that will be carried by the Odin satellite that is due to be launched in early 2001. This study is interesting for the Odin SMR data analysis because we first provide additional temperature measurements, and second reduce significantly the O3 retrieval error that is due to the temperature and pressure uncertainties. Nonlinear retrievals are performed to retrieve the O3, CO, H2O, and temperature profiles simultaneously from the spectral band 576.27–576.67 GHz. The pressure profile is deduced from the hydrostatic equilibrium equation after each iteration. Temperature and O3 can be retrieved throughout the stratosphere from 15–50 and 20–50 km, respectively, with a vertical resolution of 3 km. The altitude domain corresponds to the parts of the atmosphere where the signal intensity saturates in some spectrometer channels. A total error of 4–6 K has been found in the temperature profile, mainly because of the instrumental thermal noise and to a lesser extent the calibration. The total error in the O3 profile is 5–10% and is dominated by the O3 line-broadening parameter. The total error on the retrieved pressure profile is 2–10% because of the errors in calibration and reference pressure.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.4950) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Ozone
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors

Philippe Baron, Frank Merino, and Donal Murtagh, "Simultaneous Retrievals of Temperature and Volume Mixing Ratio Constituents from Nonoxygen Odin Submillimeter Radiometer Bands," Appl. Opt. 40, 6102-6110 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. D. P. Murtagh, “Overview paper on the Odin satellite,” Can. J. Phys. (to be published).
  2. J. E. P. Eriksson, F. Merino, D. Murtagh, P. Baron, P. Ricaud, and J. de la Noë, “Studies for the Odin sub-millimeter radiometer. I. Radiative transfer and instrumental simulation,” Can. J. Phy. (to be published).
  3. P. Baron, P. Ricaud, F. de la Noë, J. Merino, D. Murtagh, R. Martin, and J. E. P. Eriksson, “Studies for the Odin sub-millimeter radiometer: II. Retrieval methodology. Can. J. Phys. (to be published).
  4. F. Merino, D. Murtagh, R. Martin, J. E. P. Eriksson, P. Baron, P. Ricaud, and J. de la Noë, “Studies for the Odin sub-millimeter radiometer. III. Performance simulations,” Can. J. Phys. (to be published).
  5. J. Pardo and M. Ridal, “Microwave temperature and pressure measurements with the Odin satellite. I. observational method,” Can. J. Phys. (to be published).
  6. M. Ridal and J. Pardo, “Microwave temperature and pressure measurements with the Odin satellite. II. retrieval method,” Can. J. Phys. (to be published).
  7. M. Carlotti and M. Ridolfi, “Derivation of temperature and pressure from submillimetric limb observations,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2398–2409 (1999).
  8. E. F. Fishbein, R. E. Cofield, L. Froidevaux, R. F. Jarnot, T. A. Lungu, W. G. Read, Z. Shippony, J. W. Waters, I. S. McDermid, T. J. McGee, U. Singh, M. Gross, A. Hauchecorne, P. Keckhut, M. E. Gelman, and R. M. Nagatani, “Validation of UARS microwave limb sounder temperature and pressure measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 9938–10016 (1996).
  9. J. C. Gille and F. B. House, “On the inversion of limb radiance measurements. I: Temperature and thickness,” J. Atmos. Sci. 28, 1427–1442 (1971).
  10. J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, S. T. Massie, L. V. Lyjak, D. P. Edwards, A. E. Roche, J. B. Kumer, J. L. Mergenthaler, M. R. Gross, A. Hauchecorne, P. Keckhut, T. J. McGee, I. S. McDermid, A. J. Miller, and U. Singh, “Accuracy and precision of the cryogenic limb array spectrometer (CLAES) temperature retrievals,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 9583–9601 (1996).
  11. M. E. Hervig, J. M. Russell III, L. L. Gordley, S. R. Drayson, K. Stone, R. E. Thompson, M. E. Gelman, I. S. McDermid, A. Hauchecorne, P. Keckhut, T. J. McGee, U. N. Singh, and M. R. Gross, “Validation of temperature measurements from the halogen occultation experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10277–10285 (1996).
  12. W. J. Reburn, R. Siddans, B. J. Kerridge, S. A. Bühler, A. von Engeln, J. Urban, J. Wohlgemuth, K. Künzi, D. Feist, N. Kämpfer, and H. Czekala, “Study on upper troposphere/lower stratosphere sounding,” Final report, ESA, ESTEC 12053/97/NL/CN (European Space Agency, Paris, 1998).
  13. C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation,” Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 14, 609–624 (1976).
  14. C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice, Vol. 2 of Series on Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000).
  15. C. D. Rodgers, “Characterization and error analysis of profiles retrieved from remote measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. D5 95, 5587–5595 (1990).
  16. A. Hauchecorne and M. L. Chanin, “Density and temperature profiles obtained by lidar between 35 and 70 km,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 564–568 (1980).
  17. R. A. Ferrare, T. J. McGee, D. Whiteman, J. Burris, M. Owens, J. Butler, R. A. Barnes, F. Schmidlin, W. Komhyr, M. P. Wang, P. M. McCormick, and A. J. Miller, “Lidar measurements of stratospheric temperature during stoic,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 9303–9312 (1995).
  18. C. D. Rodgers, R. L. Jones, and J. J. Barnett, “Retrieval of temperature and composition from NIMBUS 7 SAMS measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 89, 5280–5286 (1984).
  19. F. Merino and P. Baron, “A theoretical basis and performance simulations for the simultaneous retrieval of temperature and volume mixing ratio constituents from non-oxygen odin/sub-mm bands,” Tech. Rep. AP-35. (Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, 2000).
  20. N. A. Cressie, Statistics for Spatial Data (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1993).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited