Silver halide sensitized gelatin (SHSG) holograms are similar to holograms recorded in dichromated gelatin (DCG), the main recording material for holographic optical elements (HOE’s). The drawback of DCG is its low sensitivity and limited spectral response. Silver halide materials can be processed in such a way that the final hologram will have properties like a DCG hologram. Recently this technique has become more interesting since the introduction of new ultra-high-resolution silver halide emulsions. An optimized processing technique for transmission HOE’s recorded in these materials is introduced. Diffraction efficiencies over 90% can be obtained for transmissive diffraction gratings. Understanding the importance of the selective hardening process has made it possible to obtain results similar to conventional DCG processing. The main advantage of the SHSG process is that high-sensitivity recording can be performed with laser wavelengths anywhere within the visible spectrum. This simplifies the manufacturing of high-quality, large-format HOE’s.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
(040.5190) Detectors : Photographic film
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings
(350.5130) Other areas of optics : Photochemistry
Jong Man Kim, Byung So Choi, Sun II Kim, Jong Min Kim, Hans I. Bjelkhagen, and Nicholas J. Phillips, "Holographic Optical Elements Recorded in Silver Halide Sensitized Gelatin Emulsions. Part I. Transmission Holographic Optical Elements," Appl. Opt. 40, 622-632 (2001)