OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 40, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2001
  • pp: 622–632

Holographic optical elements recorded in silver halide sensitized gelatin emulsions. Part I. Transmission holographic optical elements

Jong Man Kim, Byung So Choi, Sun Il Kim, Jong Min Kim, Hans I. Bjelkhagen, and Nicholas J. Phillips  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 5, pp. 622-632 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.40.000622


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2254 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Silver halide sensitized gelatin (SHSG) holograms are similar to holograms recorded in dichromated gelatin (DCG), the main recording material for holographic optical elements (HOE’s). The drawback of DCG is its low sensitivity and limited spectral response. Silver halide materials can be processed in such a way that the final hologram will have properties like a DCG hologram. Recently this technique has become more interesting since the introduction of new ultra-high-resolution silver halide emulsions. An optimized processing technique for transmission HOE’s recorded in these materials is introduced. Diffraction efficiencies over 90% can be obtained for transmissive diffraction gratings. Understanding the importance of the selective hardening process has made it possible to obtain results similar to conventional DCG processing. The main advantage of the SHSG process is that high-sensitivity recording can be performed with laser wavelengths anywhere within the visible spectrum. This simplifies the manufacturing of high-quality, large-format HOE’s.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.5190) Detectors : Photographic film
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings
(350.5130) Other areas of optics : Photochemistry

History
Original Manuscript: May 4, 2000
Published: February 10, 2001

Citation
Jong Man Kim, Byung So Choi, Sun Il Kim, Jong Min Kim, Hans I. Bjelkhagen, and Nicholas J. Phillips, "Holographic optical elements recorded in silver halide sensitized gelatin emulsions. Part I. Transmission holographic optical elements," Appl. Opt. 40, 622-632 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-40-5-622


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Yu. A. Sazonov, P. I. Kumonko, “Holographic materials produced by the Micron plant at Slavich,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 31–40 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Bierenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 28–30 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing, Vol. 66 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1993), pp. 252–262.
  4. K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, F. P. Laming, “New phototechnology suitable for recording phase holograms and similar information in hardened gelatin,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 80–84 (1971). [CrossRef]
  5. W. R. Graver, J. W. Gladden, J. W. Eastes, “Phase holograms formed by silver halide (sensitized) gelatin processing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1529–1536 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. SPIE215, 172–177 (1980). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Fimia, M. Pardo, J. A. Quintana, “Noise reduction in holographic images reconstructed with blue light,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3318 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. G. Boj, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Silver-halide gelatin for the fabrication of holographic optical elements,” in Image Detection and Quality, L. F. Guyot, ed., Proc. SPIE702, 105–108 (1986).
  9. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic storage medium,” in Laser Technologies in Industry, O. D. D. Soares, S. P. Almeida, eds., Proc. SPIE952, 288–291 (1988).
  10. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).
  11. S. A. Benton, “Photographic materials and their handling,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979) Chap. 9, pp. 349–366.
  12. R. A. Ferrante, “Silver halide gelatin spatial frequency response,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4180–4181 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Hariharan, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms: mechanism of hologram formation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2040–2042 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. G. Tull, “Tanning development and its application to dye transfer images,” J. Photogr. Sci. 11, 1–26 (1963).
  15. D. K. Angell, “Improved diffraction efficiency of silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4692–4702 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. K. Angell, “Controlling emulsion thickness variations in silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. SPIE883, 106–113 (1988). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holographic Techniques and Applications, W. P. O. Jüptner, ed., Proc. SPIE1026, 55–61 (1988). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988). [CrossRef]
  19. D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection-hologram processing for high efficiency in silver-halide emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 11, 2004–2010 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).
  22. Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, “Principles of fabricating micropore silver-halide-gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 112–114 (1990).
  23. Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).
  24. Yu. E. Usanov and M. K. Shevtsov, “The volume reflection SHG holograms: principles and mechanism of microcavity structure formation,” in Holographic Imaging and Materials, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE2043, 52–56 (1994). [CrossRef]
  25. E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993). [CrossRef]
  26. E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak, M. Zajac, eds., Proc. SPIE1574, 72–76 (1991). [CrossRef]
  28. I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).
  29. A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991). [CrossRef]
  30. A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Influence of R-10 bleaching on latent image formation in silver halide-sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3203–3205 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994). [CrossRef]
  33. A. Fimia, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Some remarks on noise sources in silver halide volume holograms,” in Practical Holography VIII, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 153–161 (1994). [CrossRef]
  34. A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995). [CrossRef]
  35. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995). [CrossRef]
  36. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998). [CrossRef]
  37. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998). [CrossRef]
  38. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms from BB-640 plates,” in Holographic Materials VI, J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3638, 106–111 (1999). [CrossRef]
  39. C. Neipp, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from BB-640 holographic emulsion,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1348–1356 (1999). [CrossRef]
  40. C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000). [CrossRef]
  41. N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).
  42. Lord Rayleigh, “On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour,” Phil. Mag. 41, 107–279 (1871).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited