A multiresolution-analysis-based local contrast transform is proposed to enhance local structures in x-ray images. The local contrast is defined as a ratio of the local intensity variation to the local mean. With wavelet multiresolution decomposition, the detail coefficients and approximation coefficients are interpreted, respectively, as local variations and local averages in virtue of the localization property of wavelet transform. Based on the local contrast transform, an algorithm is developed to modify coefficients before wavelet synthesis. An across-scale local contrast is obtained when the scale associated with the local variation is different from that of the local mean. The nonlinearity and local adaptiveness properties of local contrast transform result in structural enhancement in local dark regions in the reconstructed images. We applied this technique to deboned poultry inspection using x-ray images. Because of its high x-ray absorption, a foreign inclusion appears as a low-intensity object in an x-ray image, thus resulting in contrast enhancement in the reconstructed multiresolution images.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
(100.2980) Image processing : Image enhancement
(100.7410) Image processing : Wavelets
(150.3040) Machine vision : Industrial inspection
(170.7440) Medical optics and biotechnology : X-ray imaging
Zikuan Chen, Yang Tao, and Xin Chen, "Multiresolution Local Contrast Enhancement of X-Ray Images for Poultry Meat Inspection," Appl. Opt. 40, 1195-1200 (2001)