OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 40, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 2001
  • pp: 1493–1500

Error analysis for retrieval of urban atmospheric aerosol properties from downwelling infrared radiation spectra

Akiro Shimota and Hirokazu Kobayashi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 9, pp. 1493-1500 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (155 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The possibility of retrieval of urban aerosol physical properties from downwelling atmospheric infrared radiation spectra between 700 and 1400 cm-1 with 0.24-cm-1 spectral resolution, which can be obtained from the tropospheric infrared interferometric sounder developed by the Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, was estimated from error analysis of the least-squares fit method. The error analysis for retrieval of the aerosol extinction coefficient spectra in three atmospheric layers (boundary, free troposphere, and stratosphere) showed the retrievability only of the boundary layer. Based on this result, we propose the retrieval for particle number density of each aerosol component, which is one of the parameters for the aerosol size distribution function, using the boundary aerosol extinction coefficient spectra. We assume that aerosols in urban areas consist of three types of component, namely, water soluble, soot, and dustlike. Under this assumption, we estimated the error of the retrieved volume density for each aerosol component. For the estimation we used the least-squares fit of Mie-generated spectral extinction coefficients. The estimated error shows that the volume density of each aerosol component in an urban boundary layer is equivalent to the retrieval target. We also show that the aerosol properties can be retrieved with higher accuracy when the effects of multiple scattering by aerosols are included in the retrieval procedure.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1100) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosol detection
(010.1110) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosols
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(300.6300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms

Original Manuscript: June 23, 2000
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2000
Published: March 20, 2001

Akiro Shimota and Hirokazu Kobayashi, "Error analysis for retrieval of urban atmospheric aerosol properties from downwelling infrared radiation spectra," Appl. Opt. 40, 1493-1500 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Shimota, H. Kobayashi, S. Kadokura, “Radiometric calibration for the airborne interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases simulator,” Appl. Opt. 38, 571–576 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. G. P. Anderson, J. H. Chetwynd, fascode3p User Guide (U.S. Air Force Phillips Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass., 1992).
  3. G. Echle, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, “Optical and microphysical parameters of the Mt. Pinatubo aerosol as determined from MIPAS-B mid-IR limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 19193–19211 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. C. D. Rodgers, “Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation,” Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 14, 609–624 (1976). [CrossRef]
  5. R. G. Isaacs, W. C. Wang, R. D. Worsham, S. Goldenberg, “Multiple scattering lowtran and fascode models,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1272–1281 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. S. Jursa, ed., Handbook of Geophysics and the Space Environment (U.S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass., 1985), Chap. 18, p. 9.
  7. J. H. Seinfeld, S. N. Pandis, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Pollution to Climate Change (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1998), p. 429.
  8. E. P. Shettle, R. W. Fenn, “Models for the aerosols of the lower atmospheric and the effects of humidity variations of their optical properties,” (U.S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass., 1979).
  9. C. N. Davies, “Size distribution of atmospheric particles,” Aerosol Sci. 5, 293–300 (1974). [CrossRef]
  10. K.-N. Liou, Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation (Academic, New York, 1980), pp. 123–139.
  11. Ref. 7, pp. 414 and 415.
  12. World Climate Programme (WCP-112), “A preliminary cloudless standard atmosphere for radiation computation,” (1986).
  13. F. E. Volz, “Infrared absorption by atmosphere aerosol substances,” J. Geophys. Res. 77, 1017–1031 (1972). [CrossRef]
  14. F. E. Volz, “Infrared refractive index of atmospheric aerosol substances,” Appl. Opt. 11, 755–759 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. E. Volz, “Infrared optical constants of ammonium sulfate, Sahara dust, volcanic pumice, and flyash,” Appl. Opt. 12, 564–568 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. T. Twitty, J. A. Weinman, “Radiative properties of carbonaceous aerosols,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 10, 725–731 (1971). [CrossRef]
  17. Ref. 7, p. 430.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited