A geometric theory of a grazing-incidence varied-line-spacing plane-grating monochromator system whose scanning is made by a simple grating rotation about the grating normal has been developed for designing Monk–Gillieson monochromators capable of covering an energy range of 0.6–2.5 keV. Analytic expressions are given for the grating equations, focal conditions, dispersion, spectral image shape, and optimization of groove parameters. On the basis of the theory, two monochromator systems have been designed: system I for moderate resolution and system II for relatively high resolution. The validity of the analytic formulas and the expected performance of the designed systems have been evaluated by means of ray tracing. The results show that the analytic formulas are sufficiently accurate for practical applications and that systems I and II would provide resolving power of approximately 1450–600 and 7500–2000, respectively, in the wavelength region of 0.5–2.0 nm.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 24, 2001
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2001
Published: January 1, 2002
Masato Koike and Takeshi Namioka, "Grazing-incidence Monk–Gillieson monochromator based on surface normal rotation of a varied-line-spacing grating," Appl. Opt. 41, 245-257 (2002)