OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 41, Iss. 11 — Apr. 8, 2002
  • pp: 2122–2128

Polarization gratings with surface relief in dyed gelatin and their postdevelopment diffraction

Geminiano Martinez-Ponce and Cristina Solano  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 11, pp. 2122-2128 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (450 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Some characteristics of dyed gelatin films when polarization gratings are recorded are reported. Two dyes, Malachite Green and Methylene Blue, are used in our experiment. In particular, no dichromate was added to Methylene Blue plates before or after exposure. It is shown that, in spite of its having high viscosity, a relief grating is formed when orthogonal linearly polarized beams are superimposed upon the plates. In contrast with previous observations in another photoanisotropic medium, the frequency of the gelatin relief grating does not depend on the directions of the electric field of the orthogonal recording beams. Besides, when orthogonal circularly polarized beams are used in the formation of polarization gratings, no relief grating is produced. Finally, we study the phase modulation obtained after dehydration of the gelatin plates in which the polarization gratings were formed. Postdevelopment phase gratings do not preserve the polarization information of the interference pattern. Also, the grating frequency is increased by a factor of 2 for linear polarization, whereas for circular polarization there is no phase modulation.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials

Original Manuscript: July 18, 2001
Revised Manuscript: October 11, 2001
Published: April 10, 2002

Geminiano Martinez-Ponce and Cristina Solano, "Polarization gratings with surface relief in dyed gelatin and their postdevelopment diffraction," Appl. Opt. 41, 2122-2128 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Solano, R. A. Lessard, P. C. Roberge, “Methylene blue sensitized gelatin as a photosensitive medium for conventional and polarizing holography,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1989–1997 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Solano, “Malachite green photosensitive plates,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3524–3528 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Pantelic, B. Muric, “Improving the holographic sensitivity of dichromated gelatin in the blue-green part of the spectrum by sensitization with xanthene dyes,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2871–2875 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. S. D. Kakichashvili, “Method for phase polarization recording of holograms,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 795–798 (1974). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Keinonen, S. Parkkonen, T. Jääskeläinen, “Low-power two-wave mixing in dry methylene-blue-sensitized gelatin films,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 2561–2572 (1998).
  6. T. D. Ebralidze, N. A. Ebralidze, A. N. Mumladze, “Photoinduction of anisotropic grains in organic compounds,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6161–6163 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, “Polarization holography. 1. A new high-efficiency organic material with reversible photoinduced birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4309–4312 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Huang, “Physics and applications of photoanisotropic organic volume holograms,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Colorado, Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, 1993).
  9. M. Ivanov, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, “Photoinduced dichroism and birefringence in films of mordant pure yellow/poly(vinyl alcohol): simultaneous real-time investigations at two wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, 1013–1018 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Hvilsted, F. Andruzzi, P. S. Ramanujam, “Side-chain liquid-crystalline polyesters for optical information storage,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1234–1236 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Bublitz, B. Fleck, L. Wenke, P. S. Ramanujam, S. Hvilsted, “Determination of the response time of photoanisotropy in azobenzene side-chain polyesters,” Opt. Commun. 182, 155–160 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, M. Ivanov, F. Andruzzi, S. Hvilsted, P. S. Ramanujan, “Polarization holographic gratings in side-chain azobenzene polyesters with linear and circular photoanisotropy,” Appl. Opt. 35, 3835–3840 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. S. Ramanujam, N. C. R. Holme, S. Hvilsted, “Atomic force and optical near-field microscopic investigations of polarization holographic gratings in a liquid crystalline azobenzene side-chain polyester,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1329–1331 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. N. C. R. Holme, L. Nikolova, P. S. Ramanujam, S. Hvilsted, “An analysis of the anisotropic and topographic gratings in a side-chain liquid crystalline azobenzene polyester,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1518–1520 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. I. Naydenova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, S. Hvilsted, “Diffraction from polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in side-chain azobenzene polyesters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1257–1265 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. P. A. Blanche, P. C. Lemaire, M. Dumont, M. Fisher, “Photoinduced orientation of azo dye in various polymer matrices,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1349–1351 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. F. L. Labarthet, P. Rochon, A. Natansohn, “Polarization analysis of diffracted orders from a birefringence grating recorded on azobenzene containing polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1377–1379 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Calixto, R. A. Lessard, “Holographic recording and reconstruction of polarized light with dyed plastic,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4313–4318 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, “Diffraction efficiency and selectivity of polarization holographic recording,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 579–588 (1984).
  20. G. Martinez-Ponce, C. Solano, “Induced and form birefringence in high-frequency polarization gratings,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3850–3854 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Huang, K. H. Wagner, “Real-time joint transform correlation using photoanisotropic dye-polymer films,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7634–7645 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. Huang, K. H. Wagner, “Photoanisotropic incoherent to coherent optical conversion,” Appl. Opt. 32, 1888–1900 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, “Photoinduced anisotropy in rigid dye solutions for transient polarization holography,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1262–1267 (1986). [CrossRef]
  24. C. Solano, R. A. Lessard, “Phase gratings formed by induced anisotropy in dyed gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1776–1779 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. Mangaiyarkarasi, P. K. Palanisamy, R. S. Sirohi, “Eosin dye soaked gelatin as a recording medium,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2138–2142 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited