OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2002
  • pp: 2546–2554

Index Determination of Opaque and Semitransparent Metallic Films: Application to Light Absorbers

Michel Cathelinaud, Frederic Lemarquis, and Claude Amra  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 13, pp. 2546-2554 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.002546


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (212 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Index-determination methods based on reflectance and transmittance measurements are developed for both opaque and semitransparent metallic films. Results are given concerning chromium and nickel layers manufactured by electron-beam deposition. To take account of the evolution of the optical constants versus layer thickness, an inhomogeneous layer model is used, which permits us to obtain a good agreement between measurements and calculations. Results are applied to the design and manufacture of light absorbers for which accurate index knowledge is required. Measured absorption is higher than 0.999 on both broadband and monochromatic components.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3900) Materials : Metals
(310.1210) Thin films : Antireflection coatings
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(350.2450) Other areas of optics : Filters, absorption

Citation
Michel Cathelinaud, Frederic Lemarquis, and Claude Amra, "Index Determination of Opaque and Semitransparent Metallic Films: Application to Light Absorbers," Appl. Opt. 41, 2546-2554 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-13-2546


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. H. A. Macleod, Thin Film Optical Filters, 2nd ed. (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1986).
  2. A. Thelen, Design of Optical Interference Coating (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989).
  3. Sh. A. Furman and A. V. Tikhonravov, Basics of Optics of Multilayer Systems (Frontières, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1992).
  4. A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Application of the needle optimization technique of the design of optical coatings,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5493–5508 (1996).
  5. H. A. Macleod, “A new approach to the design of metal-dielectric thin film optical coatings,” Opt. Acta 25, 93–106 (1978).
  6. P. H. Berning and A. F. Turner, “Induced transmission in absorbing films applied to band pass filter design,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 230–239 (1957).
  7. B. V. Landau and P. H. Lissberger, “Theory of induced transmission filters in terms of the concept of equivalent layers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1258–1264 (1972).
  8. P. H. Lissberger, “Coatings with induced transmission,” Appl. Opt. 20, 95–104 (1981).
  9. Y. Zheng, K. Kikuchi, M. Yamasaki, K. Sonoi, and K. Uehara, “Two-layer wideband antireflection coatings with an absorbing layer,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6335–6338 (1997).
  10. J. A. Dobrowolski, L. Li, and R. A. Kemp, “Metal/dielectric transmission interference filters with low reflectance. 1. Design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5673–5683 (1995).
  11. B. T. Sullivan and K. L. Byrt, “Metal/dielectric transmission interference filters with low reflectance. 2. Experimental results,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5684–5694 (1995).
  12. V. T. Bly and J. T. Cox, “Infrared absorbers for ferroelectric detectors,” Appl. Opt. 33, 26–30 (1994).
  13. J. J. Monzon and L. L. Sanchez-Soto, “Optical performance of absorbers structures for thermal detectors,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5137–5141 (1994).
  14. F. Lemarquis and G. Marchand, “Analytical achromatic design of metal–dielectric absorbers,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4876–4884 (1999).
  15. E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985, 1991), Vols. 1 and 2.
  16. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of transition metals: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Pb,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 5056–5070 (1974).
  17. L. G. Schulz, “Index of refraction of Ag, Au, Cu, Al,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 362–368 (1954).
  18. R. M. Hill and C. Weaver, “The optical properties of chromium,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 54, 1141–1146 (1958).
  19. E. Quesnel, P. Chaton, O. Lartigue, and F. Baume, “A very thin coating technology for the production of broad band absorbers,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 9 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 362–364.
  20. R. S. Sennett and G. D. Scott, “The structure of evaporated metal films and their optical properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 203–211 (1950).
  21. N. Jiang and J. Silcox, “Observation of reaction zones at chromium/oxide glass interfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3768–3776 (2000).
  22. J. M. Siqueiros, L. E. Regalado, and R. Machorro, “Determination of (n, k) for absorbing thin films using reflectance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4260–4264 (1988).
  23. J. P. Borgogno, B. Lazarides, and E. Pelletier, “Automatic determination of the optical constants of inhomogeneous thin films,” Thin Solid Films 102, 209–220 (1983).
  24. J. C. Maxwell “Colours in metal glasses and metallic films,” Phil. Trans. A 203, 385–420 (1904).
  25. R. M. Hill and C. Weaver, “The optical properties of evaporated chromium films,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 54, 1464–1476 (1958).
  26. J. E. Nestell and R. W. Christy, “Derivation of optical constants of metals from thin-film measurements at oblique incidence,” Appl. Opt. 11, 643–651 (1972).
  27. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Review B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
  28. R. C. McPhedran, L. C. Botten, D. R. McKenzie, and R. P. Netterfield, “Unambiguous determination of optical constants of absorbing films by reflectance and transmittance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1197–1205 (1984).
  29. A. Mestreau-Garreau, Ch. Pezant, B. Cousin, P. Etcheto, and G. Otrio, “Development of black scattering coatings for space application,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Space Optics, ICSO 2000 (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France, 2000), pp. 129–136.
  30. J. Loesel, J. Berthon, and M. Saccoccio, “Optical design of PHARAO,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Space Optics, ICSO 2000 (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France, 2000), pp. 289–298.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited