OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 41, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 2002
  • pp: 2914–2922

Intercomparison of a correlated-photon-based method to measure detector quantum efficiency

Alan Migdall, Stefania Castelletto, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, and Maria Luisa Rastello  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 15, pp. 2914-2922 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (239 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on the absolute calibration of photodetector quantum efficiency by using correlated photon sources, performed independently at two laboratories, the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale (IEN). The goal is to use an interlaboratory comparison to demonstrate the inherent absoluteness of the photon correlation technique by showing its independence from the particular experimental setup. We find that detector nonuniformity limited this comparison rather than uncertainty inherent in the method itself. The ultimate goal of these investigations is development of a robust measurement protocol that allows the uncertainties of individual measurements to be determined experimentally and verified operationally. Furthermore, to demonstrate the generality of the procedure, the IEN measurement setup was also used to calibrate a fiber-coupled avalanche photodiode module. Uncertainties are evaluated for the detector both with and without fiber coupling and differences are discussed. The current IEN setup using a thinner and higher transmittance nonlinear crystal for the generation of correlated photons shows a significant improvement in overall accuracy with respect to previously reported results from IEN [Metrologia 32, 501–503 (1996)].

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5630) Coherence and statistical optics : Radiometry
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
(120.5630) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Radiometry

Original Manuscript: June 1, 2001
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 2001
Published: May 20, 2002

Alan Migdall, Stefania Castelletto, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, and Maria Luisa Rastello, "Intercomparison of a correlated-photon-based method to measure detector quantum efficiency," Appl. Opt. 41, 2914-2922 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Castelletto, A. Godone, C. Novero, M. L. Rastello, “Biphoton fields for quantum-efficiency measurements,” Metrologia 32, 501–503 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Burnham, D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970). [CrossRef]
  3. D. N. Klyshko, Photons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, 1988).
  4. V. M. Ginzburg, N. G. Keratishvili, Y. L. Korzhenevich, G. V. Lunev, A. N. Penin, “Absolute measurement of quantum efficiency based on parametric downconversion effect,” Metrologia 30, 367–368 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, M. D. Petroff, “Absolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1844–1853 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia 32, 479–483 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Brida, S. Castelletto, C. Novero, M. L. Rastello, “Measurement of quantum efficiency of photodetectors by parametric fluorescence,” Metrologia 35, 397–401 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. A. N. Penin, A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute standardless calibration of photodetectors based on quantum two-photon fields,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3582–3588 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. G. Rarity, K. D. Ridley, P. R. Tapster, “Absolute measurement of detector quantum efficiency using parametric downconversion,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4616–4619 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. N. Taylor, C. E. Kuyatt, “Guidelines for evaluating and expressing the uncertainty of NIST measurement results,” NIST (Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol.) Tech. Note 1297 (1994).
  11. Certain trade names and company products are mentioned in the text or identified in an illustration in order to specify adequately the experimental procedure and equipment used. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology or by the Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale, nor does it imply that the products are necessarily the best available for the purpose.
  12. A. Migdall, “Absolute quantum efficiency measurements using correlated photons: toward a measurement protocol,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 478–481 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. I. P. Degiovanni, “Application of nonlinear optical effects to guantum radiometry,” Ph.D. Polytechnico of Turin, Turin, Italy, in preparation.
  14. N. Boeuf, D. Branning, I. Chaperot, E. Dauler, S. Guerin, G. Jaeger, A. Muller, A. Migdall, “Calculating characteristics of noncollinear phase-matching in uniaxial and biaxial crystals,” Opt. Eng. 39, 1016–1024 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Brida, S. Castelletto, I. P. Degiovanni, C. Novero, M. L. Rastello, “Quantum efficiency and dead time measurement of single-photon photodiodes: a comparison between two techniques,” Metrologia 37, 625–628 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. A. R. Schaefer, J. Geist, “Spatial uniformity of quantum efficiency of a silicon photovoltaic detector,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1933–1936 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Sauter, “Determination of measurement uncertainty in photometry,” to be published.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited