We present an experimental demonstration of two new methods for electronically modulating diffractive structures. The first involves the creation of periodic displacement of a liquid-air interface by application of a spatially modulated electric field produced by an array of electrodes. The second method also uses an electrode array but creates a diffraction grating by selectively attracting and repelling electrophoretic particles in a dielectric fluid. Potential areas of application of these techniques include controllable holography and wavelength division multiplexing.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 12, 2001
Revised Manuscript: February 6, 2002
Published: June 1, 2002
Vincent H. Kwong, Michele A. Mossman, and Lorne A. Whitehead, "Electrical modulation of diffractive structures," Appl. Opt. 41, 3343-3347 (2002)