OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2002
  • pp: 4092–4103

Mechanism of Hologram Formation in Fixation-Free Rehalogenating Bleaching Processes

Cristian Neipp, Inmaculada Pascual, and Augusto Beléndez  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 20, pp. 4092-4103 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.004092


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (290 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The mechanism of hologram formation in fixation-free rehalogenating bleaching processes have been treated by different authors. The experiments carried out on Agfa 8E75 HD plates led to the conclusion that material transfer from the exposed to the unexposed zones is the main mechanism under the process. We present a simple model that explains the mechanism of hologram formation inside the emulsion. Also quantitative data obtained using both Agfa 8E75 HD and Slavich PFG-01 fine-grained red-sensitive emulsions are given and good agreement between theory and experiments are found.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(160.2900) Materials : Optical storage materials

Citation
Cristian Neipp, Inmaculada Pascual, and Augusto Beléndez, "Mechanism of Hologram Formation in Fixation-Free Rehalogenating Bleaching Processes," Appl. Opt. 41, 4092-4103 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-20-4092


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. H. I. Bjelkhagen and H. J. Caulfield, eds. Selected Papers on Fundamental Techniques in Holography, SPIE Milestone Series, MS171 (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash, 2001).
  2. H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds. Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
  3. J. M. Kim, B. S. Choi, S. I. Kim, J. M. Kim, H. J. Bjelkhagen, and N. J. Phillips, “Holographic optical elements recorded in silver halide sensitized gelatin emulsions. Part I. Transmission holographic optical elements,” Appl. Opt. 40, 622–632 (2001).
  4. M. Domingo, I. Arias, and A. García, “Achromatic Fourier processor with holographic optical lenses,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2267–2274 (2001).
  5. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).
  6. D. H. McMahon and A. R. Franklin, “Efficient, high-quality, R-10 bleached holographic diffraction gratings,” Appl. Opt. 8, 1927–1929 (1969).
  7. J. Upatnieks and C. Leonard, “Diffraction efficiency of bleached, photographically recorded interference patterns,” Appl. Opt. 8, 85–89 (1969).
  8. P. Hariharan, C. S. Ramanathan, and G. S. Kaushik, “Simplified processing technique for photographic phase holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 246–247 (1971).
  9. J. Crespo, A. Fimia, and J. A. Quintana, “Fixation-free methods in bleached reflection holography,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1642–1645 (1986).
  10. R. K. Kostuk, “Factorial optimization of bleach constituents for silver halide holograms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1611–1616 (1991).
  11. C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Effects of overmodulation in fixation-free rehalogenating bleached holograms,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3402–3408 (2001).
  12. C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on BB-640 emulsions,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 504–513 (2001).
  13. R. K. Kostuk and J. W. Goodman, “Refractive index modulation mechanism in bleached silver halide holograms,” Appl. Opt. 30, 369–371 (1991).
  14. P. Hariharan and C. M. Chidley, “Rehalogenating bleaches for photographic phase holograms: the influence of halide type and concentration on diffraction efficiency and scattering,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3895–3898 (1987).
  15. P. Hariharan, “Rehalogenating bleaches for photographic phase holograms 3: Ḿechanism of material transfer,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2983–2985 (1990).
  16. R. L. Van Renesse and F. A. J. Bouts, “Efficiency of bleaching agents for holography,” Optik 38, 156–168 (1973).
  17. R. L. Van Renesse, “Scattering properties of fine-grained bleached emulsions,” Photograph. Sci. Eng. 24, 114–119 (1980).
  18. C. Neipp, E. Beronich, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Fixation-free bleached silver halide transmission holograms recorded on Slavich PFG-01 red sensitive plates,” J. Mod. Opt. 48, 1643–1655 (2001).
  19. C. Neipp, I. Pascual, and A. Beléndez, “Bleached silver halide volume holograms recorded on Slavich PFG-01 emulsion: The influence of the developer,” J. Mod. Opt. 48, 1479–1494 (2001).
  20. H. Kasprzak, N. Sultanova, and H. Pbdbielska, “Nonlinear effects of the recording material on the image quality of a Fourier hologram,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 843–846 (1987).
  21. N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, and T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).
  22. H. D. Thöll, M. Döhmen, and C. G. Stojanoff, “Determination of the mean refractive index and the thickness of dichromated gelatin holographic films using the thin film resonance method,” in Holographic Materials, T. J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE 2405, 76–87 (1995).
  23. P. Hariharan and C. M. Chidley, “Rehalogenating bleaches for photographic phase holograms: spatial frequency effects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3852–3854 (1988).
  24. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited