OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2002
  • pp: 4188–4196

Simulating the effects of multiple scattering on images of dense sprays and particle fields

Mark C Jermy and Andrew Allen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 20, pp. 4188-4196 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.004188


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (656 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Most optical measurements in turbid media (including sprays, fogs, particulate and colloidal suspensions) assume single scattering of the detected photons. Multiple scattering introduces error, which has been quantified in very few systems. To quantify this error, we have written a flexible Monte Carlo photon transport simulation code capable of handling any three-dimensional geometry. Simulations of planar laser spray imaging with large, nonabsorbing particles show that up to 50% of the photons reaching the camera are multiply scattered. Because forward scattering dominates, the image is affected little. For particles with more absorption or with size closer to the wavelength of the light than those we have simulated, the effects are expected to be more serious.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric scattering
(110.7050) Imaging systems : Turbid media
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(170.3660) Medical optics and biotechnology : Light propagation in tissues
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

History
Original Manuscript: September 27, 2001
Revised Manuscript: March 5, 2002
Published: July 10, 2002

Citation
Mark C Jermy and Andrew Allen, "Simulating the effects of multiple scattering on images of dense sprays and particle fields," Appl. Opt. 41, 4188-4196 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-20-4188


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. C. van de Hulst, Multiple Light Scattering, Volume II, (Academic Press, New York, 1980).
  2. A. A. Kokhanovsky, Optics of Light Scattering Media (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
  3. D. G. Talley, J. F. Verdieck, S. W. Lee, V. G. McDonell, G. S. Samuelsen, Accounting for Laser Sheet Extinction in Applying PLIF to Sprays, (AIAA, 96-0469, 1996).
  4. D. G. Talley, J. F. Verdieck, “Accounting for laser sheet extinction and fluorescence signal attenuation in applying PLIF to sprays,” Proc. 9th Inst. Liquid Atomization and Sprays, iClass AA 33–38 (1996).
  5. T. M. Quagliaroli, G. Laufer, R. H. Krauss, J. C. McDaniel, AIAAJ. 31, 520–527 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. H. M. Hertz, M. Alden, “Calibration of imaging laser-induced fluorescence measurements in highly absorbing flames,” J. Appl. Phys. B 42, 97–102 (1987). [CrossRef]
  7. R. Abu-Gharbieh, J. L. Persson, M. Forsth, A. Rosen, A. Karlstrom, T. Gustavsson, “Compensation method for attenuated planar laser images of optically dense sprays,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1260–1267 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. V. Sick, B. Stojkovic, “Attenuation effects on imaging diagnostics in hollow-cone sprays,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2435–2442 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. M. C. Jermy, D. A. Greenhalgh, “Planar dropsizing by elastic and fluorescence scattering in sprays too dense for phase Doppler measurement,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 703–710 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics (SPIE, Bellingham, Wa., 2000).
  11. V. P. Kandidov, “Monte Carlo method in nonlinear statistical optics,” Physics-Uspe. 39, 1243–1272 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L. Zheng, “MCML—Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. F. Bonner, R. Nossal, S. Havlin, G. H. Weiss, “Model of photon migration in turbid biological media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 423–432 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Key, E. R. Davies, P. C. Jackson, P. N. T. Wells, “Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in breast tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 36, 591–602 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. van der Zee, “Measurement and Modelling of the optical properties of human tissue in the near infrared” Ph. D. dissertation, University College London (1992).
  16. I. V. Meglinsky, S. J. Matcher, “Modelling the sampling volume for skin blood oxygenation measurements,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 39, 44–50 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Kienle, L. Lilge, M. S. Patterson, R. Hibst, R. Steiner, B. C. Wilson, “Partially resolved absolute diffuse reflectance measurements for noninvasive determination of the optical scattering and absorption coefficients of biological tissue,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2304–2314 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Hiraoka, M. Fibrank, M. Essenpreis, M. Cope, S. R. Arridge, P. van der Zee, D. T. Delpy, “A Monte Carlo investigation of optical pathlength in homogeneous tissue and it’s application to near infrared spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 38, 1859–1876 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. N. Witt, “Multiple scattering in reflection nebulae I a Monte Carlo approach,” The Astrophysical J. Suppl Ser. 35, 1–6 (1977). [CrossRef]
  20. C. Lavigne, A. Robin, V. Outters, S. Langlois, T. Girasole, C. Roze, “Comparison of iterative and Monte Carlo methods for calculation of the aureole about a point source in the Earth’s atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6237–6246 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. G. I. Marchuk, G. A. Mikhailov, M. A. Nazaraliev, R. A. Darbinjan, B. A. Kargin, B. S. Elepov, The Monte Carlo Method in Atmospheric Optics (Springer, Berlin, 1980). [CrossRef]
  22. A. I. Carswell, “Laser Measurements in clouds,” pp 363–406 in Clouds: Their Formation, Optical Properties and Effects, A. Deepak, P. V. Hobbs, eds., (Academic Press, San Diego, Calif.1981), pp. 363–406. [CrossRef]
  23. K. E. Kunkel, J. A. Weinman, “Monte Carlo analysis of multiply scattered lidar returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 1772–1781 (1974). [CrossRef]
  24. E. A. Bucher, “Computer simulation of light pulse propagation for communication through thick clouds,” Appl. Opt. 12, 2391–2400 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. R. Meier, J.-S. Lee, D. E. Anderson, “Atmospheric scattering of middle UV radiation from an internal source,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3216–3225 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. T. Girasole, C. Roze, B. Maheu, G. Grehan, J. Menard, “Visibility distances in a foggy atmosphere: comparisons between lighting installations by Monte Carlo simulation,” International Journal of Lighting Research and Technology. 30, 29–36 (1998). [CrossRef]
  27. R. Giddings, D. A. Holder, M. Philpott, D. A. Youngs, “Multiple scattering from particles in laser sheet gas mixing experiments,” Advances in Statistical Optics–IOP half day meeting, Imperial College, London (24th May 2000).
  28. L. G. Dodge, “Change of calibration of diffraction based particle sizes in dense sprays,” Opt. Eng. 23, 626–630 (1984). [CrossRef]
  29. P. G. Felton, A. A. Hamidi, A. K. Aigal, “Measurement of drop size distribution in dense sprays by laser diffraction,” Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. on Liquid Atomization and Sprays, London, IVA/4/1–11 (1985).
  30. A. A. Hamidi, J. Swithenbank, “Treatment of the multiple scattering of light in laser diffraction measurement techniques in dense sprays and particle fields,” J. Inst. Energy 59, 101–105 (1986).
  31. E. D. Hirleman, “General solution to the inverse near-forward-scattering particle-sizing problem in multiple-scattering environments: theory,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4832–4838 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. A. Kokhanovsky, R. Weichert, “Multiple light scattering in laser particle sizing,” App. Opt. 40, 1507–1513 (2001). [CrossRef]
  33. K. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647–2650 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. E. D. Cashwell, C. J. Everett, A Practical Manual on the Monte Carlo Method for Random Walk Problems, (Pergamon Press, New York, 1959).
  35. M. H. Kalos, P. A. Whitlock, Monte Carlo Methods, I: Basics (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1986). [CrossRef]
  36. A. Sassaroli, C. Blumetti, F. Martelli, L. Alianelli, D. Contini, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Monte Carlo procedure for investigating light propagation and imaging of highly scattering media,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7392–7400 (1998). [CrossRef]
  37. V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics ISBN 0819434590, SPIE Press (2000).
  38. I. Lux, L. Koblinger, “Monte Carlo Particle Transport Methods: Neutron and Photon Calculations (CRC Press Boca Raton, Fla., 1991).
  39. D. R. Wyman, M. S. Patterson, B. C. Wilson, “Similarity relations for anisotropic scattering in Monte Carlo simulations of deeply penetrating neutral particles,” J. Comput. Phys. 81, 137–150 (1989). [CrossRef]
  40. W. H. Press, S. A. Teutolsky, W. T. Vettering, B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, U. Press Cambridge, UK, 1992).
  41. http://www.unternehmen.com/Bernhard-Michel/Java/mieApplet.html .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited