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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2002
  • pp: 4400–4410

Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar: design, error analysis, and initial results at the North and South Poles

Xinzhao Chu, Weilin Pan, George C. Papen, Chester S. Gardner, and Jerry A. Gelbwachs  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 21, pp. 4400-4410 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.004400


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Abstract

The design, development, and first measurements of a novel mesospheric temperature lidar are described. The lidar technique employs mesospheric Fe as a fluorescence tracer and relies on the temperature dependence of the population difference of two closely spaced Fe transitions. The principal advantage of this technique is that robust solid-state broadband laser source(s) can be used that enables the lidar to be deployed at remote locations and aboard research aircraft. We describe the system design and present a detailed analysis of the measurement errors. Correlative temperature observations, made with the Colorado State University Na lidar at Fort Collins, Colorado, are also discussed. Last, we present the initial range-resolved temperature measurements in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere over both the North and the South Poles obtained with this system.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar

History
Original Manuscript: August 16, 2001
Revised Manuscript: December 20, 2001
Published: July 20, 2002

Citation
Xinzhao Chu, Weilin Pan, George C. Papen, Chester S. Gardner, and Jerry A. Gelbwachs, "Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar: design, error analysis, and initial results at the North and South Poles," Appl. Opt. 41, 4400-4410 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-21-4400

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