OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 41, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2002
  • pp: 5122–5129

Forward scattering induced by water drops on a transmissive substrate

Ivan V. Pollet and Jan G. Pieters  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 24, pp. 5122-5129 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (392 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this study the scattering of radiation by condensation drops deposited on a single glass plate is dealt with. Experiments were carried out in the visible radiation range by means of a laboratory measuring unit as a function of three parameters, namely, the phase of the condensation process, the wavelength of the incident radiation, and the radiation incidence angle. The experiments indicated that during the condensation process a steady state in the scattering pattern of single glass occurred after a transition phase. Owing to the condensate, more than 80% of the transmitted visible radiation was scattered. The scattering slightly diminished with increasing wavelength, from 400 to 700 nm, and the asymmetry of the scattering pattern enlarged with increasing incidence angle of the radiation.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(290.5820) Scattering : Scattering measurements
(290.5880) Scattering : Scattering, rough surfaces

Original Manuscript: January 21, 2002
Revised Manuscript: June 3, 2002
Published: August 20, 2002

Ivan V. Pollet and Jan G. Pieters, "Forward scattering induced by water drops on a transmissive substrate," Appl. Opt. 41, 5122-5129 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. I. Edwards, J. V. Lake, “Transmission of solar radiation in a small east-west glasshouse glazed with diffusive glass,” J. Agric. Eng. Res. 10, 197–201 (1965). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Gijzen, “Short-term crop responses,” in Greenhouse Climate Control, J. C. Bakker, G. P. A. Bot, H. Challa, N. J. Van de Braak, eds. (Wageningen Press, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 16–62.
  3. D. O. Hall, J. M. O. Scurlock, H. R. Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, R. C. Leegood, S. P. Long, Photosynthesis and Production in a Changing Environment. A Field and Laboratory Manual (Chapman & Hall, London, 1995).
  4. A. El-Bahi, D. Inan, “A solar still with minimum inclination and coupled to an outside condenser,” in ISES Solar World Congress 1999 Proceedings, G. Grossman, ed. (International Solar Energy Society, Freiburg, Germany, 1999), pp. 1277–1282.
  5. S. Aggarwal, A. Narayan, “Computer based thermal modelling of double condensing chamber solar still,” in Renewable Energy. Renewables: The Energy for the 21st Century. Part II, A. A. M. Sayigh, ed. (Pergamon, Amsterdam, 2000), pp. 1114–1117.
  6. C. K. Hsieh, A. K. Rajvanshi, “The effect of dropwise condensation on glass solar properties,” Sol. Energy 19, 389–393 (1977). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Fechner, O. Bucek, “Solar air collectors—investigations on several series-produced collectors,” in ISES Solar World Congress 1999 Proceedings, G. Grossman, ed. (International Solar Energy Society, Freiburg, Germany, 1999), pp. 1103–1108.
  8. J. G. Pieters, Influence of Condensation on the Heat Balance and the Light Transmission of a Greenhouse (University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium, 1995).
  9. J. N. Walker, D. J. Cotter, “Condensation and resultant humidity in greenhouses during cold weather,” Trans. ASAE 11, 263–266 (1968). [CrossRef]
  10. B. J. Briscoe, K. P. Galvin, “The effect of surface fog on the transmittance of light,” Sol. Energy 46, 191–197 (1991). [CrossRef]
  11. P. H. Heinemann, P. N. Walker, “Effects of greenhouse surface heating water on light transmission,” Trans. ASAE 30, 215–220 (1987). [CrossRef]
  12. J. G. Pieters, J. Deltour, M. Debruyckere, “Light transmission through condensation on glass and polyethylene,” Agric. For. Meteorol. 85, 51–62 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Geoola, Y. Kashti, U. M. Peiper, “A model greenhouse for testing the role of condensation, dust and dirt on the solar radiation transmissivity of greenhouse cladding materials,” J. Agric. Eng. Res. 71, 339–346 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. I. V. Pollet, J. G. Pieters, “Condensation and radiation transmittance of greenhouse cladding materials. Part 3: Results for glass plates and plastic films,” J. Agric. Eng. Res. 77, 419–428 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. I. V. Pollet, J. G. Pieters, “PAR transmittances of dry and condensate-covered glass and plastic greenhouse cladding,” Agric. For. Meteorol. 110, 285–298.
  16. P. Apian-Bennewitz, Messung und Modellierung von lichtstreuenden Materialien zur Computer-simulation von Tageslichtbeleuchtung (University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, 1995).
  17. J. Ferber, J. Luther, “Computer simulations of light scattering and absorption in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 54, 265–275 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Nitz, J. Ferber, R. Stangl, H. R. Wilson, V. Wittwer, “Simulation of multiply scattering media,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 54, 297–307 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. W. E. Vargas, “Generalized four-flux radiative transfer model,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2615–2623 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. W. E. Vargas, G. A. Niklasson, “Forward-scattering ratios and average pathlength parameter in radiative transfer models,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 9, 9083–9096 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. W. E. Vargas, G. A. Niklasson, “Intensity of diffuse radiation in particulate media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2253–2262 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. L. C. Godbey, T. E. Bond, H. F. Zornig, “Transmission of solar and long-wavelength energy by materials used as covers for solar collectors and greenhouses,” Trans. ASAE 22, 1137–1144 (1979). [CrossRef]
  23. B. Chevalier, M. G. Hutchins, A. Maccari, F. Olive, H. Oversloot, W. Platzer, P. Polato, A. Roos, J. L. J. Rosenfeld, T. Squire, K. Yoshimura, “Solar energy transmittance of translucent samples: a comparison between large and small integrating sphere measurements,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 54, 197–202 (1998). [CrossRef]
  24. S. Pearson, A. E. Wheldon, P. Hadley, “Radiation transmission and fluorescence of nine greenhouse cladding materials,” J. Agric. Eng. Res. 62, 61–70 (1995). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Rönnow, A. Roos, “Correction factors for reflectance and transmittance measurements of scattering samples in focusing Coblentz spheres and integrating spheres,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2411–2422 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Roos, “Interpretation of integrating sphere signal output for nonideal transmitting samples,” Appl. Opt. 30, 468–474 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. A. Roos, “Use of an integrating sphere in solar energy research,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 30, 77–94 (1993). [CrossRef]
  28. J. G. Pieters, J. M. Deltour, M. J. Debruyckere, “Experimental determination of the geometry of real drops on transparent materials,” J. Phys. III 6, 975–989 (1996).
  29. J. Deltour, “Réalisation d’un dispositif permettant de relever les indicatrices de diffusion de matériaux utilisés en couverture de serres,” Bull. Rech. Agron. Gembloux 11, 25–40 (1976) (in French).
  30. J. C. Stover, Optical Scattering: Measurement and Analysis (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995). [CrossRef]
  31. I. V. Pollet, J. G. Pieters, “Condensation and radiation transmittance of greenhouse cladding materials. Part 2: Results for a complete condensation cycle,” J. Agric. Eng. Res. 75, 65–72 (2000). [CrossRef]
  32. P. G. de Gennes, “Wetting: statics and dynamics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 827–863 (1985). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited