Phase can be retrieved from intensity measurements with the intensity transport equation. Three-dimensional image formation of weak phase objects based on this method is investigated. It is shown that, although the refractive index of a thin object can be measured, the three-dimensional variation of refractive index of an arbitrary object cannot, in general, be reconstructed, as spatial frequencies with a zero-axial component are not detected. However, this may not be a problem if regions with known refractive index are present in the sample.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Colin J. R. Sheppard, "Three-Dimensional Phase Imaging with the Intensity Transport Equation," Appl. Opt. 41, 5951-5955 (2002)