OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2002
  • pp: 6420–6430

Laser-Induced Migration of Oil Particles Suspended in a Water Matrix

Germán Da Costa, Juan Enrique Parra, and Felix Mosqueda  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 30, pp. 6420-6430 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.006420


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2855 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The thermoconvective flow induced in oil samples and oil-in-water emulsions by irradiation with a laser beam is studied experimentally. The samples are irradiated by He-Ne and CO<sub>2</sub> lasers at different power levels. Time-resolved records of temperature and surface waves that propagate in a liquid surface are presented. In laser-heated emulsions the thermoconvective flow leads the dispersed oil droplets to the water-free surface where they agglomerate to form a floating oil layer. The reflected light beam is formed by a speckle pattern whose intensity and contrast show a spiking, quasi-periodic time variation. A theoretical model is proposed to explain this phenomenon.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles
(310.3840) Thin films : Materials and process characterization
(350.5340) Other areas of optics : Photothermal effects

Citation
Germán Da Costa, Juan Enrique Parra, and Felix Mosqueda, "Laser-Induced Migration of Oil Particles Suspended in a Water Matrix," Appl. Opt. 41, 6420-6430 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-30-6420


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. L. Landau and E. Lifschitz, Mechanics of Fluids (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1959).
  2. G. Levich, Physicochemical Hydrodynamics (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1962).
  3. A. J. Szeri, S. Wiggins, and L. G. Leal, “On the dynamics of suspended microstructure in unsteady spatially inhomogeneous, two dimensional fluid flows,” J. Fluid Mech. 228, 207–241 (1991).
  4. T. Elperin, N. Kleerin, and I. Rogachevskii, “Self-excitation of fluctuations of inertial particle concentration in turbulent fluid flow,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5373–5376 (1996).
  5. T. Elperin, N. Kleerin, and I. Rogachevskii, “Turbulent diffusion of small inertial particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 224–227 (1996).
  6. B. Van Haarlem, B. J. Boersma, and F. T. M. Nieuwstadt, “Direct numerical simulation of particle deposition onto a free-slip and no-slip surface,” Phys. Fluids 10, 2608–2620 (1998).
  7. J. S. Marshall, “A model of heavy particle dispersion by organized vortex structures wrapped around a columnar vortex core,” Phys. Fluids 10, 3236–3238 (1998).
  8. M. Tirumkudulu, A. Tripathi, and A. Acrivos, “Particle segregation in monodisperse sheared suspensions,” Phys. Fluids 11, 507–509 (1999).
  9. J. Blawzdziewicz, E. Wajnryb, and M. Loewenberg, “Hydrodynamic interactions and collision efficiencies of spherical drops covered with an incompressible surfactant film,” J. Fluid Mech. 395, 29–59 (1999).
  10. N. V. Tabiryan and W. Luo, “Soret feedback in thermal diffusion of suspensions,” Phys. Rev. E 57, 4431–4440 (1998).
  11. W. Schaertl and C. Roos, “Convection and thermodiffusion of colloidal gold tracers by laser light scattering,” Phys. Rev. E 60, 2020–2028 (1999).
  12. G. Da Costa, “Laser-induced coalescence of petroleum-in-water emulsions,” Opt. Commun. 149, 239–244 (1998).
  13. M. Salou, B. Siffert, and A. Jada, “Study of the stability of bitumen emulsions by application of DLVO theory,” Colloids Surf. A 142, 9–16 (1998).
  14. M. C. Sanchez, M. Berjano, A. Guerrero, E. Brito, and C. Gallegos, “Evolution of the microstructure and rheology of O/W emulsions during the emulsification process,” Can. J. Chem. Eng. 76, 479–485 (1998).
  15. M. Van den Temple, “Stability of oil-in-water emulsions: mechanism of the coagulation of an emulsion,” Recueil 72, 433–441 (1953).
  16. G. Urbina-Villalba and M. García-Sucre, “Brownian dynamics simulation of emulsion stability,” Langmuir 16, 7975–7985 (2000).
  17. G. Urbina-Villalba and M. García-Sucre, “Effect of non-homogeneous spatial distributions of surfactants on the stability of high-content bitumen-in-water emulsions,” Interciencia 25, 415–422 (2000).
  18. G. Da Costa and J. Calatroni, “Self-holograms of laser-induced surface depressions in heavy hydrocarbons,” Appl. Opt. 17, 2381–2385 (1978).
  19. G. Da Costa and J. Calatroni, “Transient deformation of liquid surfaces by laser-induced thermocapillarity,” Appl. Opt. 18, 233–235 (1979).
  20. G. Da Costa, “Competition between capillary and gravity waves in a viscous liquid film heated by a Gaussian laser beam,” J. Phys. (Paris) 43, 1503–1508 (1982).
  21. J. Calatroni and G. Da Costa, “Interferometric determination of the surface profile of a liquid heated by a laser beam,” Opt. Commun. 42, 5–9 (1982).
  22. G. Da Costa, “Optical visualization of the velocity distribution in a laser-induced thermocapillary liquid flow,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2143–2151 (1993).
  23. T. R. Anthony and H. E. Cline, “Surface rippling induced by surface-tension gradients during laser surface melting and alloying,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3888–3894 (1977).
  24. G. G. Gladush, L. S. Krasitskaya, E. B. Levchenko, and A. L. Chernyakov, “Thermocapillary convection in a liquid under the action of high-power laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 408–412 (1982).
  25. J. Hartikainen, J. Jaarinen, and M. Luukkala, “Deformation of a liquid surface by laser heating: laser-beam self-focusing and generation of capillary waves,” Can. J. Phys. 64, 1341–1344 (1985).
  26. S. A. Vizniuk, S. F. Rastopov, and A. T. Sukhodol’skii, “On thermocapillary aberrational transformation of laser beams,” Opt. Commun. 71, 239–243 (1989).
  27. N. Postacioglu, P. Kapadia, and J. Dowden, “Capillary waves on the weld pool in penetration welding with a laser,” J. Phys. D 22, 1050–1061 (1989).
  28. Al. A. Kolomenskii and H. A. Schuessler, “Nonlinear excitation of capillary waves by the Marangoni motion induced with a modulated laser beam,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 16–19 (1995).
  29. Al. A. Kolomenskii and H. A. Schuessler, “Excitation of capillary waves in strongly absorbing liquids by a modulated laser beam,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6357–6364 (1999).
  30. J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, J. C. Dainty, ed., Vol. 9 of Topics in Applied Physics(Springer-Verlag, New York, 1984), pp. 9–74.
  31. T. Okamoto and T. Asakura, “The statistics of dynamic speckles,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1995), Chap. 3, pp. 183–248.
  32. B. Ruth, “Superposition of two dynamic speckle patterns,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 2421–2436 (1992).
  33. G. Da Costa, “Optical remote sensing of heartbeats,” Opt. Commun. 117, 395–398 (1995).
  34. J. E. Parra and G. Da Costa, “Optical remote sensing of heartbeats,” in Visualization of Temporal and Spatial Data for Civilian and Defense Applications, G. O. Allgood and N. L. Faust, eds., Proc. SPIE 4368, 113–121 (2001).
  35. J. D. Briers and S. Webster, “Quasi real-time digital version of single-exposure speckle photography for full-field monitoring of velocity of flow fields,” Opt. Commun. 116, 36–42 (1995).
  36. A. F. Fercher and J. D. Briers, “Flow visualization by means of single-exposure speckle photography,” Opt. Commun. 37, 326–330 (1981).
  37. E. N. Lorenz, “Deterministic nonperiodic flow,” J. Atmos. Sci. 20, 130–141 (1963).
  38. N. Minorsky, Nonlinear Oscillations (Krieger, Huntington, N.Y., 1974).
  39. W. V. Meyer, G. H. Wegdam, D. Fenistein, and J. A. Mann, Jr., “Advances in surface-light-scattering instrumentation and analysis: noninvasive measuring of surface tension, viscosity, and other interfacial parameters,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4113–4133 (2001).
  40. J. A. Mann, Jr., P. D. Crouser, and W. V. Meyer, “Surface fluctuation spectroscopy by surface-light-scattering spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4092–4112 (2001).
  41. D. Fenistein, G. H. Wegdam, W. V. Meyer, and J. A. Mann, Jr., “Capillary waves on an asymmetric liquid film of pentane in water,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4134–4139 (2001).
  42. R. B. Dorshow and R. L. Swofford, “Application of surface light scattering spectroscopy to photoabsorbing systems: the measurement of interfacial tension and viscosity in crude oil,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 3756–3759 (1989).
  43. H. Linde, P. D. Weidman, and M. G. Velarde, “Marangoni-driven solitary waves,” in Capillarity Today: Proceedings of an Advanced Workshop on Capillarity, G. Pétré, R. Kippenhahn, H. Araki, W. Beiglbock, D. Ruelle, R. L. Jaffe, J. Ehlers, K. Hepp, and A. Sanfeld, eds., Vol. 386 of Springer Lecture Notes in Physics(Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991), pp. 261–267.
  44. M. G. Velarde, X. L. Chu, and A. N. Garazo, “Solitons and other interfacial waves excited and sustained by capillarity,” in Capillarity Today: Proceedings of an Advanced Workshop on Capillarity, G. Pétré, R. Kippenhahn, H. Araki, W. Beiglbock, D. Ruelle, R. L. Jaffe, J. Ehlers, K. Hepp, and A. Sanfeld, eds., Vol. 386 of Springer Lecture Notes in Physics(Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991), pp. 108–112.
  45. X. L. Chu and M. G. Velarde, “Nonlinear transverse oscillatory motions at the open surface of a liquid layer subjected to the Marangoni effect,” Phys. Lett. A 136, 126–130 (1989).
  46. B. M. Grigorova, S. F. Rastopov, and A. T. Sukhodol’skii, “Coherent correlation spectroscopy of capillary waves,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 35, 374–376 (1990).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited