OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 41, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2002
  • pp: 6499–6506

Oxygen 630.0- and 557.7-nm line source for thermospheric dynamics studies

Manfred A. Biondi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 30, pp. 6499-6506 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (177 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A novel design of a rf afterglow source of the oxygen forbidden lines at 630.0 and 557.7 nm for use in thermospheric dynamics studies is presented. With a repetitive discharge–afterglow excitation cycle, the source yields adequate afterglow intensities of the OI lines that are sufficiently free of background continuum for use in Fabry–Perot interferometer measurements of spectral line profiles. These lines provide accurate zero-velocity references in Fabry–Perot determinations of Doppler shifts in the OI thermospheric lines. The design considerations for the rf source are described, together with its preparation and filling by an ultrahigh-vacuum gas-handling system. Examples are given of the source’s output spectrum, as measured by a grating spectrometer, and its spectral line profiles, as determined by a Fabry–Perot interferometer. Comparative interferometry between the OI afterglow source lines and nearby (within ∼0.01–0.02-nm) lines from hollow-cathode sources illustrates the means of establishing secondary reference sources in cases in which the primary OI afterglow source is not available.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic
(300.6320) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, high-resolution

Original Manuscript: January 28, 2002
Revised Manuscript: July 15, 2002
Published: October 20, 2002

Manfred A. Biondi, "Oxygen 630.0- and 557.7-nm line source for thermospheric dynamics studies," Appl. Opt. 41, 6499-6506 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. P. Sipler, M. A. Biondi, R. G. Roble, “F-region neutral winds and temperatures at equatorial latitudes: measured and predicted behaviour during geomagnetically quiet conditions,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 53–66 (1983). [CrossRef]
  2. R. G. Burnside, C. A. Tepley, “Optical observations of thermospheric neutral winds at Arecibo between 1980 and 1987,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 2711–2716 (1989). [CrossRef]
  3. G. Hernandez, R. G. Roble, “The geomagnetic quiet nighttime thermospheric wind pattern over Fritz Peak Observatory during solar minimum and maximum,” J. Geophys. Res. 89, 327–337 (1984). [CrossRef]
  4. R. N. Peterson, L. L. Cogger, H. T. Meredith, G. G. Shepherd, “A laboratory discharge lamp source for the O2 atmospheric bands and OI 5577A and 6300A lines of known width,” Planet. Space Sci. 27, 1209–1212 (1979). [CrossRef]
  5. A. D. Richmond, A. E. Ridley, R. G. Roble, “A thermosphere-ionosphere general circulation model with coupled electrodynamics,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 601–604 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. McConkey, R. E. W. Pettifer, K. A. Moran, “Influence of metastable helium on the laboratory excitation of O(1D),” Planet. Space Sci. 18, 771–776 (1970). [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Biondi, S. C. Brown, “Measurements of ambipolar diffusion in helium,” Phys. Rev. 75, 1700–1705 (1949). [CrossRef]
  8. E. C. Zipf, “The collisional deactivation of metastable atoms and molecules in the upper atmosphere,” Can. J. Chem. 47, 1863–1870 (1969). [CrossRef]
  9. D. P. Sipler, MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, Mass. (personal communication, 1998).
  10. M. A. Biondi, “High-speed, direct recording Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 27, 36–39 (1956). [CrossRef]
  11. D. P. Sipler, M. A. Biondi, “Midlatitude F-region neutral winds and temperatures during the geomagnetic storm of March 26, 1976,” J. Geophys. Res. 84, 37–40 (1979). [CrossRef]
  12. D. P. Sipler, MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, Mass. (personal communication, 1999).
  13. G. R. Harrison, ed., MIT Wavelength Tables (MIT, Cambridge, Mass., 1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited