OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 41, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 2002
  • pp: 7037–7044

Design issues of a multimode interference-based 3-dB splitter

Christos Themistos and B. M. Azizur Rahman  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 33, pp. 7037-7044 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (397 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have investigated important issues such as the power loss, the loss imbalance the fabrication tolerances, and the wavelength dependence for the design of a multimode interference-based 3-dB splitter on deeply etched InP waveguides under general, restricted, and symmetric interference mechanisms. For this investigation, we used the finite-element-based beam propagation approach. Results are presented.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3530) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, neodymium
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects

Original Manuscript: January 25, 2002
Revised Manuscript: July 16, 2002
Published: November 20, 2002

Christos Themistos and B. M. Azizur Rahman, "Design issues of a multimode interference-based 3-dB splitter," Appl. Opt. 41, 7037-7044 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, H. Miyazawa, “Multimeter-wave Ti:LiNbO3 optical modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 615–619 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. M. R. Amersfoort, J. D. B. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, “Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 449–451 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. R. S. Burton, T. E. Schlesinger, M. Munowitz, “An investigation of the modal coupling of simple branching semiconductor ring lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 754–759 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. E. John, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, C. M. Weinhert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear sagnae interferometer and its application as a 20Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. L. B. Soldano, A. H. de Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, F. H. Groen, “Mach-Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Heisman, R. W. Smith, “High speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 311–318 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, “Multimode interference couplers for the conversion of zero- and first-order modes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1228–1239 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. L. O. Lierstuen, A. Sudbo, “8-channel wavelength-division multiplexer based on multimode interference couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1034–1036 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Baets, P. E. Lagasse, “Calculation of radiation loss in integrated-optic tapers and Y-junctions,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1972–1978 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Buchmann, A. J. N. Houghton, “Optical y-junctions and s-bends formed by preferenctial y-etched single-mode rib waveguides in InP,” Electron. Lett. 18, 850–852 (1982). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Rasmussen, J. K. Rasmussen, J. H. Povlsen, “Design and performance evaluation of 1-by-64 multimode interference power splitter for optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2069–2074 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. C. G. P. Herben, C. G. M. Vreeburg, X. J. M. Leijtens, H. Blok, F. H. Groen, I. Moerman, J. W. Pedersen, M. K. Smit, “Chirping of an MMI-PHASAR demultiplexer for application in multiwavelength laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1116–1118 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. R. J. Deri, E. C. M. Pennings, A. Scherer, A. S. Gozdz, C. Caneau, N. Andreadakis, V. Shah, L. Curtis, R. J. Hawkins, J. B. D. Soole, J. I. Song, “Ultracompact monolithic integration of balanced, polarization diversity photodetectors for coherent lightwave receivers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1238–1240 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. R. van Roijen, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stralen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek, J. M. M. van der Heijden, “Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753–1755 (1994). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietal, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, “Experimental demonstration of guiding and bending of electromagnetic waves in photonic crystals,” Science 282, 274–276 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. O. Bryngdahl, “Image formation using self-imaging techniques,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 416–419 (1973). [CrossRef]
  17. L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615–627 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. D. S. Levy, R. Scarmozzino, Y. M. Li, R. M. Osgood, “A new design for ultracompact multimode interference-based 2 × 2 couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 96–98 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. C. Themistos, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, “Interference mechanisms in MMI-based 3 dB power splitters on deeply etched InP,” in Proceedings of the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Communications (OECC/IOOC 2001) (OECC/IOCC, Sydney, Australia, 2001), pp. 589–590.
  20. M. Bachmann, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, “General self-imaging properties in N × N multimode interference couplers including phase relations,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3905–3911 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Rajarajan, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V Grattan, “Accurate numerical analysis of multimode interference-based 3-dB couplers,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5672–5678 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. B. M. A. Rahman, J. B. Davies, “Finite-element solution of integrated optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 682–688 (1984). [CrossRef]
  23. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, “Light propagation in graded-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3990–3998 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, T. Tanabe, “A wide-angle-beam propagation method based on a finite element scheme,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 33, 1544–1547 (1997). [CrossRef]
  25. R. M. Knox, P. P. Toulios, “Integrated circuits for the millimeter through optical frequency range,” in Proceedings MRI Symposium on Submillimeter Waveguide, J. Fox, ed. (Polytechnic, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1970), pp. 497–516.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited