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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 2002
  • pp: 7671–7678

Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser

Marius A. Albota, Richard M. Heinrichs, David G. Kocher, Daniel G. Fouche, Brian E. Player, Michael E. O’Brien, Brian F. Aull, John J. Zayhowski, James Mooney, Berton C. Willard, and Robert R. Carlson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 36, pp. 7671-7678 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.007671


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Abstract

We have developed a three-dimensional imaging laser radar featuring 3-cm range resolution and single-photon sensitivity. This prototype direct-detection laser radar employs compact, all-solid-state technology for the laser and detector array. The source is a Nd:YAG microchip laser that is diode pumped, passively Q-switched, and frequency doubled. The detector is a gated, passively quenched, two-dimensional array of silicon avalanche photodiodes operating in Geiger mode. After describing the system in detail, we present a three-dimensional image, derive performance characteristics, and discuss our plans for future imaging three-dimensional laser radars.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar

History
Original Manuscript: March 29, 2002
Revised Manuscript: October 8, 2002
Published: December 20, 2002

Citation
Marius A. Albota, Richard M. Heinrichs, David G. Kocher, Daniel G. Fouche, Brian E. Player, Michael E. O’Brien, Brian F. Aull, John J. Zayhowski, James Mooney, Berton C. Willard, and Robert R. Carlson, "Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser," Appl. Opt. 41, 7671-7678 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-36-7671


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References

  1. C. G. Bachman, Laser Radar Systems and Techniques (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1979).
  2. J. J. Zayhowski, C. Dill, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched picosecond microchip lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1427–1429 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. F. Aull, A. H. Loomis, D. J. Young, R. M. Heinrichs, B. J. Felton, P. J. Daniels, D. J. Landers, “Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes for three-dimensional imaging,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 335–350 (2002).
  4. J. J. Zayhowski, “Passively Q-switched microchip lasers and applications,” Rev. Laser Eng. 29, 841–846 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. J. J. Zayhowski, “Ultraviolet generation with passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 588–590 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. J. Zayhowski, “Ultraviolet generation with passively Q-switched microchip lasers: errata,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1618 (1996), [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. J. Zayhowski, “Periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric amplifiers pumped by high-power passively Q-switched microchip lasers,” Opt. Lett. 22, 169–171 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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