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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 2002
  • pp: 1169–1173

Thermoelectrically Cooled Quantum-Cascade-Laser-Based Sensor for the Continuous Monitoring of Ambient Atmospheric Carbon Monoxide

Anatoliy A. Kosterev, Frank K. Tittel, Rüdeger Köhler, Claire Gmachl, Federico Capasso, Deborah L. Sivco, Alfred Y. Cho, Shawn Wehe, and Mark G. Allen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 6, pp. 1169-1173 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.001169


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Abstract

We report the first application of a thermoelectrically cooled, distributed-feedback quantum-cascade laser for continuous spectroscopic monitoring of CO in ambient air at a wavelength of 4.6 μm. A noise-equivalent detection limit of 12 parts per billion was demonstrated experimentally with a 102-cm optical pathlength and a 2.5-min data acquisition time at a 10-kHz pulsed-laser repetition rate. This sensitivity corresponds to a standard error in fractional absorbance of 3 × 10−5.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

Citation
Anatoliy A. Kosterev, Frank K. Tittel, Rüdeger Köhler, Claire Gmachl, Federico Capasso, Deborah L. Sivco, Alfred Y. Cho, Shawn Wehe, and Mark G. Allen, "Thermoelectrically Cooled Quantum-Cascade-Laser-Based Sensor for the Continuous Monitoring of Ambient Atmospheric Carbon Monoxide," Appl. Opt. 41, 1169-1173 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-6-1169


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References

  1. F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, R. Paiella, A. Tredicucci, A. L. Hutchinson, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. Y. Cho, and H. C. Liu, “New frontiers in quantum cascade lasers and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 931–946 (2000).
  2. C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, A. L. Hutchinson, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, and A. Y. Cho, “The sense-ability of semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag., May 2000, pp. 10–18.
  3. R. Köhler, C. Gmachl, A. Tredicucci, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, S. N. G. Chu, and A. Y. Cho, “Single-mode tunable, pulsed, and continuous wave quantum-cascade distributed feedback lasers at lambda ~4.6–4.7 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1092–1094 (2000).
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  6. A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Trace-gas detection in ambient air with a thermoelectrically cooled, pulsed quantum-cascade distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6866–6872 (2000).
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  9. Courtesy of E. Dlugokencky, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Climate Monitoring and Diagnostic Laboratory, Boulder, Colo.
  10. T. Töpfer, K. P. Petrov, Y. Mine, D. Jundt, R. F. Curl, and F. K. Tittel, “Room-temperature mid-infrared laser sensor for trace gas detection,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8042–8049 (1997).

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