OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 2002
  • pp: 1815–1823

Detection of ammonia by photoacoustic spectroscopy with semiconductor lasers

Andreas Schmohl, András Miklós, and Peter Hess  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 9, pp. 1815-1823 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.001815


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (466 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Sensitive photoacoustic detection of ammonia with near-infrared diode lasers (1.53 µm) and a novel differential acoustic resonator is described; a sensitivity of 0.2 parts per million volume (signal-to-noise ratio = 1) is attained. To eliminate adsorption-desorption processes of the polar NH3 molecules, a relatively high gas flow of 300 SCCM was used for the ammonia-nitrogen mixture. The results are compared with recent ammonia measurements with a NIR diode and absorption spectroscopy used for detection and photoacoustic experiments performed with an infrared quantum-cascade laser. The performance of the much simpler and more compact setup introduced here was comparable with these previous state-of-the-art measurements.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

History
Original Manuscript: May 21, 2001
Revised Manuscript: October 8, 2001
Published: March 20, 2002

Citation
Andreas Schmohl, András Miklós, and Peter Hess, "Detection of ammonia by photoacoustic spectroscopy with semiconductor lasers," Appl. Opt. 41, 1815-1823 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-9-1815


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. J. Brassington, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy for the measurement of atmospheric species,” in Spectroscopy in Environmental Science, R. J. H. Clark, R. E. Hester, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1995), pp. 85–147.
  2. M. Feher, P. A. Martin, “Tunable diode laser monitoring of atmospheric trace gas constituents,” Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1579–1599 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Feher, P. A. Martin, A. Rohrbacher, A. M. Soliva, J. P. Maier, “Inexpensive near-infrared diode-laser-based detection system for ammonia,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2028–2030 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. M. Mihalcea, M. E. Webber, D. S. Baer, R. K. Hanson, G. S. Feller, W. B. Chapman, “Diode-laser absorption measurements of CO2, H2O, N2O, and NH3 near 2.0 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 283–288 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. I. Linnerud, P. Kaspersen, T. Jaeger, “Gas monitoring in the process industry using diode laser spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 297–305 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. D. D. Nelson, M. S. Zahniser, J. B. McManus, C. E. Kolb, J. I. Jiménez, “A tunable diode laser system for the remote sensing of on-road vehicle emissions,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 433–441 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. R. Claps, F. V. Englich, D. P. Leleux, D. Richter, F. K. Tittel, R. F. Curl, “Ammonia detection by use of near-infrared diode-laser-based overtone spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4387–4394 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Webber, R. Claps, F. V. Englich, F. K. Tittel, J. B. Jeffries, R. K. Hanson, “Measurements of NH3 and CO2 with distributed-feedback diode lasers near 2.0 µm in bioreactor vent gases,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4395–4403 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Fehér, Y. Jiang, P. Maier, A. Miklós, “Optoacoustic trace gas monitoring with near infrared diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1655–1658 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Miklós, P. Hess, A. Mohácsi, J. Sneider, S. Kamm, S. Schäfer, “Improved photoacoustic detector for monitoring polar molecules such as ammonia with a 1.53 µm DFB diode laser,” in Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena: 10th International Conference, F. Scudieri, M. Bertolotti, eds. (American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 1999), pp. 126–128. [CrossRef]
  11. A. Schmohl, A. Miklos, P. Hess, “Effects of adsorption-desorption processes on the response time and accuracy of photoacoustic detection of ammonia,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2571–2578 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, R. N. Zare, J. Oomens, F. J. M. Harren, D. H. Parker, C. Gmachl, F. Capusso, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Photoacoustic spectroscopy using quantum-cascade lasers,” Opt. Lett. 24, 178–180 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Henningsen, N. Melander, “Sensitive measurement of adsorption dynamics with nonresonant gas phase photoacoustics,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7037–7045 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Henningsen, N. Melander, “A photoacoustic study of adsorption,” in Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena: 10th International Conference, F. Scudieri, M. Bertolotti, eds. (American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, N.Y., 1999), pp. 78–80.
  15. A. Miklós, P. Hess, Z. Bozóki, “Application of acoustic resonators in photoacoustic trace gas analysis and metrology,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1937–1955 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Schaefer, M. Mashni, J. Sneider, A. Miklós, P. Hess, H. Pitz, K.-U. Pleban, V. Ebert, “Sensitive detection of methane with a 1.65 µm diode laser by photoacoustic and absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 511–516 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Miklós, Z. Bozóki, Y. Jiang, M. Feher, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of photoacoustic signal generation by wavelength-modulated diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 483–492 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited