Theoretical and experimental aspects of two-dimensional (2D) biomedical photoacoustic imaging have been investigated. A 2D Fourier-transform-based reconstruction algorithm that is significantly faster and produces fewer artifacts than simple radial backprojection methods is described. The image-reconstruction time for a 208 × 482 pixel image is ~1 s. For the practical implementation of 2D photoacoustic imaging, a rectangular detector geometry was used to obtain an anisotropic detection sensitivity in order to reject out-of-plane signals, thereby permitting a tomographic image slice to be reconstructed. This approach was investigated by the numerical modeling of the broadband directional response of a rectangular detector and imaging of various spatially calibrated absorbing targets immersed in a turbid phantom. The experimental setup was based on a <i>Q</i>-switched Nd:YAG excitation laser source and a mechanically line-scanned Fabry-Perot polymer-film ultrasound sensor. For a 800 μm × 200 μm rectangular detector, the reconstructed image slice thickness was 0.8 mm up to a vertical distance of <i>z</i> = 3.5 mm from the detector, increasing thereafter to 2 mm at <i>z</i> = 10 mm. Horizontal and vertical spatial resolutions within the reconstructed slice were approximately 200 and 60 μm, respectively.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
Kornel P. Köstli and Paul C. Beard, "Two-Dimensional Photoacoustic Imaging by Use of Fourier-Transform Image Reconstruction and a Detector with an Anisotropic Response," Appl. Opt. 42, 1899-1908 (2003)