OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2003
  • pp: 3944–3949

Recording performance of holographic diffraction gratings in dry films containing hyperbranched polyisophthalesters as polymeric binders

Huiguang Kou, Wenfang Shi, Lin Tang, and Hai Ming  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 19, pp. 3944-3949 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (150 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



By use of a photopolymerization-diffusion model, the diffraction efficiency of photopolymerizable recording dry films prepared from hyperbranched polyisophthalesters as polymeric binders was investigated. The recording characteristics of these films, i.e., spatial frequency, polymeric binder structure, exposure intensity, and modulation depth, are discussed in detail. For a given total exposure dose the diffraction efficiency first increases and then decreases with increasing exposure intensity, and this effect becomes more remarkable as the unsaturated concentration of polymeric binder increases. An optimum total exposure dose of 36 mJ cm-2 and an exposure intensity of 0.4 mW cm-2 were determined. A modulation depth of 1 was found to produce the highest diffraction efficiency. Longer-lasting gratings could be obtained by use of polymeric binders with higher cross-linking densities.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(350.5130) Other areas of optics : Photochemistry

Original Manuscript: November 18, 2002
Revised Manuscript: March 14, 2003
Published: July 1, 2003

Huiguang Kou, Wenfang Shi, Lin Tang, and Hai Ming, "Recording performance of holographic diffraction gratings in dry films containing hyperbranched polyisophthalesters as polymeric binders," Appl. Opt. 42, 3944-3949 (2003)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. I. Benjamin, H. Hong, Y. Avny, D. Davidov, R. Neumann, “Poly(phenylene-vinylene) analogs with ring substituted polar side chains and their use in the formation of hydrogen bonding based self-assembled multilayers,” J. Mater. Chem. 8, 919–924 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. I. Banyasz, “Hologram build-up in a near infrared sensitive photopolymer,” Opt. Commun. 181, 215–221 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Garcia, I. Pascual, A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, C. Gomez, A. Fimia, R. Sastre, “Hologram recording in polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymers by means of pulsed laser exposure,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2613–2620 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. J. Steckman, V. Shelkovnikov, V. Berezhnaya, T. Gerasimova, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, “Holographic recording in a photopolymer by optically induced detachment of chromophores,” Opt. Lett. 25, 607–609 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Blaya, L. Carretero, R. F. Madrigal, A. Fimia, “Theoretical model of holographic grating formation in photopolymerizable dry films in slanted geometry,” Opt. Commun. 173, 423–433 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, I. Koudela, “Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465–1477 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Curtis, D. Psaltis, “Characterization of the DuPont photopolymer for 3-dimensional holographic storage,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5396–5399 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Pu, D. Psaltis, “High-density recording in photopolymer-based holographic three-dimensional disks,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2389–2398 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. J. Zhou, V. Morozov, J. Neff, “Characterization of DuPont photopolymers in infrared light for free-space optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7457–7459 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Liu, C. H. Zhao, R. Lee, R. T. Chan, “Cross-link optimized cascaded volume hologram array with energy-equalized one-to-many surface-normal fan-outs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1024–1026 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. R. Adhami, D. L. Lanteigne, D. Gregory, “Photopolymer hologram formation theory,” Microwave Opt. Tech. Lett. 4, 106–109 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Ayräs, J. T. Rantala, S. Honkanen, S. B. Mendes, N. Peyghambarian, “Diffraction gratings in sol-gel films by direct contact printing using a UV-mercury lamp,” Opt. Commun. 162, 215–218 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. H. G. Kou, A. Asif, W. F. Shi, “Photopolymerizable acrylated hyperbranched polyisophthalesters used for photorefractive materials,” Eur. Polym. J. 38, 1931–1936 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. R. H. Wopschall, T. R. Pampalone, “Dry photopolymer film for recording holograms,” Appl. Opt. 11, 2096–2097 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O. P. Jordan, F. Marquis-Weible, “Characterization of photopolymerization by a holographic technique applied to a scattering hydrogel,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6146–6150 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Martin, P. E. L. G. Leclere, Y. L. M. Renotte, V. Toal, Y. F. Lion, “Characterization of an acrylamide-based dry photopolymer holographic recording material,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3942–3945 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characterizations of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed gage-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited