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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2003
  • pp: 4349–4361

Effects of light pollution revealed during a nocturnal aerial survey by two hyperspectral imagers

Alessandro Barducci, Paolo Marcoionni, Ivan Pippi, and Marco Poggesi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 21, pp. 4349-4361 (2003)

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A remote-sensing campaign was performed in September 2001 at nighttime under clear-sky conditions before moonrise to assess the level of light pollution of urban and industrial origin. Two hyperspectral sensors, namely, the Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer and the Visible Infrared Scanner-200, which provide spectral coverage from the visible to the thermal infrared, were flown over the Tuscany coast (Italy) on board a Casa 212 airplane. The acquired images were processed to produce radiometrically calibrated data, which were then analyzed and compared with ground-based spectral measurements. Calibrated data acquired at high spectral resolution (∼2.5 nm) showed a maximum scene brightness almost of the same order of magnitude as that observed during similar daytime measurements, whereas their average luminosity was 3 orders of magnitude lower. The measurement analysis confirmed that artificial illumination hinders astronomical observations and produces noticeable effects even at great distances from the sources of the illumination.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.3000) Imaging systems : Image quality assessment
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.1310) Remote sensing and sensors : Atmospheric scattering
(350.1260) Other areas of optics : Astronomical optics
(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation

Original Manuscript: September 10, 2002
Revised Manuscript: March 14, 2003
Published: July 20, 2003

Alessandro Barducci, Paolo Marcoionni, Ivan Pippi, and Marco Poggesi, "Effects of light pollution revealed during a nocturnal aerial survey by two hyperspectral imagers," Appl. Opt. 42, 4349-4361 (2003)

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