Automatic target recognition in uncontrolled conditions is a difficult task because many parameters are involved. This study deals with the recognition of targets under limited out-of-plane rotations while maintaining invariance to ambient light illumination. Contrast invariance is achieved by using the recently developed locally adaptive contrast-invariant filter, a method that yields correlation peaks whose values are invariant under any linear transformation of intensity. To reduce the sensitivity to the orientation of the object we replace the reference in the nonlinear filter by a synthetic discriminant filter. The range used for out-of-plane rotations was 40 degrees with a depression angle of 20 degrees. We present results for unsegmented targets on complex backgrounds with the presence of false targets.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(070.4550) Fourier optics and signal processing : Correlators
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.5010) Image processing : Pattern recognition
(150.2950) Machine vision : Illumination
Daniel Lefebvre, Henri H. Arsenault, and Sébastien Roy, "Nonlinear Filter for Pattern Recognition Invariant to Illumination and to Out-of-Plane Rotations," Appl. Opt. 42, 4658-4662 (2003)