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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2003
  • pp: 4793–4801

Digital frame averaging and dark mapping for a video-based underwater imaging spectrometer system

Karl D. Moore  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 24, pp. 4793-4801 (2003)

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A solid-state video camera is used as the focal plane detector in an underwater spectrometer system to acquire multiple spectra simultaneously within the water column. Signal-to-noise enhancement of the spectra is accomplished by use of a combination of frame averaging and dark field mapping so that the dynamic range of the individual frame can be increased from ∼7 bits to >13.5 bits. This method also removes the need for shuttering to determine the dark background or device cooling to reduce the dark current noise. The dark mapping algorithm is shown to be valid over a range of device temperatures so that the detector can vary freely with the ambient water temperature without loss in mapping accuracy. Despite observation times that can be up to an order of magnitude greater than cooled devices, the use of frame averaging and dark mapping eliminates the need for additional detector cooldown time and can provide a smaller, simpler, more power efficient, and robust design.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.2170) General : Equipment and techniques
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(040.1520) Detectors : CCD, charge-coupled device
(040.7290) Detectors : Video
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation

Original Manuscript: November 7, 2002
Revised Manuscript: May 6, 2003
Published: August 20, 2003

Karl D. Moore, "Digital frame averaging and dark mapping for a video-based underwater imaging spectrometer system," Appl. Opt. 42, 4793-4801 (2003)

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