OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 26 — Sep. 10, 2003
  • pp: 5251–5262

High-speed two-dimensional laser scanner based on Bragg gratings stored in photothermorefractive glass

Zahid Yaqoob, Muzammil A. Arain, and Nabeel A. Riza  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 26, pp. 5251-5262 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (415 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A high-speed free-space wavelength-multiplexed optical scanner with high-speed wavelength selection coupled with narrowband volume Bragg gratings stored in photothermorefractive (PTR) glass is reported. The proposed scanner with no moving parts has a modular design with a wide angular scan range, accurate beam pointing, low scanner insertion loss, and two-dimensional beam scan capabilities. We present a complete analysis and design procedure for storing multiple tilted Bragg-grating structures in a single PTR glass volume (for normal incidence) in an optimal fashion. Because the scanner design is modular, many PTR glass volumes (each having multiple tilted Bragg-grating structures) can be stacked together, providing an efficient throughput with operations in both the visible and the infrared (IR) regions. A proof-of-concept experimental study is conducted with four Bragg gratings in independent PTR glass plates, and both visible and IR region scanner operations are demonstrated.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(120.5800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scanners

Original Manuscript: November 27, 2002
Revised Manuscript: March 24, 2003
Published: September 10, 2003

Zahid Yaqoob, Muzammil A. Arain, and Nabeel A. Riza, "High-speed two-dimensional laser scanner based on Bragg gratings stored in photothermorefractive glass," Appl. Opt. 42, 5251-5262 (2003)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. J. Winzer, W. R. Leeb, “Space-borne optical communications—A challenging reality,” Special Symposium on Agile Optical Beams and Applications, IEEE LEOS 15th Annual Meeting, Invited Paper (WD2), Glasgow, Scotland, November 10–14, 2002.
  2. G. S. Mecherle, “Active pointing for terrestrial free-space optics,” Special Symposium on Agile Optical Beams and Applications, IEEE LEOS 15th Annual Meeting, Invited Paper (WL1), Glasgow, Scotland, November 10–14, 2002.
  3. W. Klaus, “Development of LC optics for free-space laser communications,” Int. J. Electron. 56, 243–253 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. F. Delorme, G. Alibert, C. Ougier, S. Slempkes, H. Nakajima, “Sampled-grating DBR lasers with 181 wavelengths over 44 nm and optimized power variation for WDM applications,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 379–381.
  5. R. L. Forward, “Passive beam-deflecting apparatus,” U.S. PatentNo. 3,612,659 (12October1971).
  6. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2945 (1969). [CrossRef]
  7. E. S. Maniloff, K. M. Johnson, “Maximized photorefractive holographic storage,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 4702–4707 (1991). [CrossRef]
  8. F. H. Mok, G. W. Burr, D. Psaltis, “System metric for holographic memory systems,” Opt. Lett. 21, 896–898 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. A. Riza, Y. Huang, “High speed optical scanner for multi-dimensional beam pointing and acquisition,” IEEE-LEOS 12th Ann. Mtg. Conf. Proc.1, IEEE Catalog No. 99CH37009, 184–185 (1999).
  10. N. A. Riza, “MOST: Multiplexed optical scanner technology,” IEEE LEOS 13th Ann. Mtg. Conf. Proc.2, IEEE Catalog No. 00CH37080, 828–829 (2000).
  11. Z. Yaqoob, A. A. Rizvi, N. A. Riza, “Free-space wavelength-multiplexed optical scanner,” Appl. Opt. 40, 6425–6438 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Yaqoob, N. A. Riza, “Free-space wavelength-multiplexed optical scanner demonstration,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5568–5573 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L. B. Glebov, N. V. Nikonorov, E. I. Panysheva, G. T. Petrovskii, V. V. Savvin, I. V. Tunimanova, V. A. Tsek-homskii, “New ways to use photosensitive glasses for recording volume phase holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. 73, 237–241 (1992).
  14. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38, 619–627 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, H. P. Andre, “Measurement of induced refractive index in a photothermorefractive glass by a liquid-cell shearing interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1864–1871 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickley, I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” in Laser Weapons Technology III, W. E. Thompson, P. H. Merritt, eds., SPIE Proc.4724, 101–109 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited