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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 42, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2003
  • pp: 5508–5511

Extremely uniform angular distributions of the three-dimensional emission spectra of photonic quantum ring lasers

Joongwoo Bae, Jawoong Lee, Dongkwon Kim, Jun-Youn Kim, and O’Dae Kwon  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 27, pp. 5508-5511 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.42.005508


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Abstract

We have observed the emission spectra of three-dimensional Rayleigh-Fabry-Perot cavity whispering-gallery modes from photonic quantum ring lasers that give rise to uniform angular mode spacing in space. The observed angular distribution (0° ∼ 30°) of the emission modes is linear with respect to the mode number. For example, the average angular mode spacing is 0.95° with a standard deviation of 0.098° for a 20-µm-diameter laser, whose potential angle-resolving power is promising for angle-sensing applications in the future.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors

History
Original Manuscript: February 10, 2003
Revised Manuscript: June 11, 2003
Published: September 20, 2003

Citation
Joongwoo Bae, Jawoong Lee, Dongkwon Kim, Jun-Youn Kim, and O’Dae Kwon, "Extremely uniform angular distributions of the three-dimensional emission spectra of photonic quantum ring lasers," Appl. Opt. 42, 5508-5511 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-42-27-5508


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References

  1. J. C. Ahn, K. S. Kwak, B. H. Park, H. Y. Kang, J. Y. Kim, O’Dae Kwon, “Photonic quantum ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 536–539 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. B. H. Park, J. Bae, M. J. Kim, O’Dae Kwon, “Chiral wave propagation manifold of the photonic quantum ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 580–582 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Ahn, H. Y. Kang, O’Dae Kwon, “Angle-dependent multiple-wavelength radial emissions in a toroidal microcavity: a photonic quantum ring laser,” in Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices VI, M. Osinski, P. Blood, A. Ishibashi, eds., Proc. SPIE3283, 241–251 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Y. Kim, K. S. Kwak, J. S. Kim, B. Kang, O’Dae Kwon, “Fabrication of photonic quantum ring laser using chemically assisted ion beam etching,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19, 1334–1338 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Bae, J. Lee, O’Dae Kwon, V. G. Minogin, “Spectrum of three-dimensional photonic quantum ring microdisk cavities: comparison between theory and experiment,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).
  6. Although a 3-D ray optics view, based on a knot theory, was tentatively adopted in Ref. 2, a detailed analysis based on a 3-D Bragg diffraction law is reported in Ref. 5.
  7. E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er-doped Si/SiO2 resonant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992). [CrossRef]
  8. B. H. Park, S. D. Baek, J. Y. Kim, J. Bae, H. Han, O’Dae Kwon, “Optical sensing by using photonic quantum ring lasers and resonance enhanced photodetectors,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1339–1345 (2002). [CrossRef]

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