Single-shot transient-grating measurements for thermometry in pressurized reacting flows are examined in the context of rapid digital signal processing. Simple approaches are discussed for temperature determination and rejection of unwanted signals in real-time measurement applications. Examples of temperature data in pressurized postflame gases are presented in the form of probability-density functions (PDFs). Three contributions to the PDF half-widths are discussed. Analysis of phase-matching requirements indicates that beam steering as a result of density fluctuations affects the signal amplitude but not the grating period. Therefore, such stochastic beam deviations have little effect on the derived temperatures. Mode noise on the cw probe beam as well as linear light scattering are found to be insignificant in the frequency range of the observed transient-grating acoustic signature. Use of a single-mode laser for the pump beams is shown to enhance the signal intensity.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(290.5890) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated
(300.6430) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, photothermal
Michael S. Brown, Yuanyuan Li, William L. Roberts, and James R. Gord, "Analysis of Transient-Grating Signals for Reacting-Flow Applications," Appl. Opt. 42, 566-578 (2003)