OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 42, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2003
  • pp: 6174–6178

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy used to detect palladium and silver metal dispersed in bacterial cellulose membranes

Madhavi Martin, Barbara Evans, Hugh O’Neill, and Jonathan Woodward  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 30, pp. 6174-6178 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.42.006174


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (276 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The technique of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy has been used for the first time to our knowledge for the identification of metals such as palladium and silver that were dispersed in bacterial cellulose membranes. These results for palladium-dispersed films have been correlated to a calibration curve obtained by use of atomic absorption spectroscopy and were found to be in good agreement. The experiments were conducted by use of wet and dry metal-doped membranes. The metal peaks obtained with a dry membrane are greater than five times higher in signal-to-background ratio than when metals are detected by a hydrated membrane. The advantage of this laser-based technique is that minimal sample handling and sample preparation are needed and measurements are completed in real time (a few seconds). Hence this technique can be used for the detection of metals in dry membranes that would be used in the construction of electrode assemblies.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(300.0300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser
(300.6500) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, time-resolved

History
Original Manuscript: February 19, 2003
Revised Manuscript: June 13, 2003
Published: October 20, 2003

Citation
Madhavi Martin, Barbara Evans, Hugh O’Neill, and Jonathan Woodward, "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy used to detect palladium and silver metal dispersed in bacterial cellulose membranes," Appl. Opt. 42, 6174-6178 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-42-30-6174


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. E. Cannon, S. M. Anderson, “Biogenesis of bacterial cellulose,” Crit. Rev. Microbiol. 17(6), 435–447 (1991). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Heinze, “New ionic polymers by cellulose functionalization,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 199, 2341–2364 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. H. P. T. Ammon, W. Ege, M. Oppermann, W. Goepel, S. Eisele, “Improvement in the long-term stability of an amperometric glucose sensor system by introducing a cellulose membrane of bacterial origin,” Anal. Chem. 67, 466–471 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Franz, W. Blaschek, “Cellulose” in Methods in Plant Biochemistry, Vol. 2 of Methods in Plant Biochemistry Series, P. M. Ray, J. B. Harborne, eds. (Academic, London, 1990), pp. 291–322. [CrossRef]
  5. B. R. Evans, N. M. O’Neill, J. Woodward, “Gluconoacetobacter cellulose membranes for biofuel cells,” Electrochim. Acta: Proceedings of the ARO-DARPA Workshop on Biofuel Cells 30 June–2 July 2002, submitted for publication.
  6. B. R. Evans, H. M. O’Neill, V. P. Malyvanh, I. Lee, J. Woodward, “Palladium-bacterial cellulose membranes for fuel cells,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 18(7), 917–923 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. B. R. Evans, H. M. O’Neill, V. P. Malyvanh, J. Woodward, “Metallization of bacterial cellulose for electrical and electronic device manufacture,” application 20030113610, patent pending.
  8. M. Z. Martin, M. D. Cheng, R. C. Martin, “Aerosol measurement by laser-induced plasma technique: a review,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 31, 409–421 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Z. Martin, S. Wullschleger, A. Palumbo, O. West, J. Smith, B. Evans, H. O’Neill, J. Woodward, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to environmental and biological sample analysis,” in Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Conference & Exposition on Analytical Chemistry & Applied Spectroscopy Pittcon 2003 (Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2003).
  10. D. A. Cremers, M. H. Ebinger, D. D. Breshears, P. J. Unkefer, S. A. Kammerdiener, M. J. Ferris, K. M. Catlett, J. R. Brown, “Measuring total soil carbon with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS),” J. Environ. Qual. 30, 2202–2206 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Z. Martin, M. D. Cheng, “Detection of chromium aerosol using time-resolved laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 54, 1279–1285 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. A. J. Stewart, M. Z. Martin, K. D. Gwinn, J. C. Waller, “Test for effect of endophyte infection status on metal uptake by tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea),” Int. J. Phytoremediation, submitted for publication.
  13. Y. Yamada, K. Hoshino, T. Ishikawa, “The phylogeny of acetic acid bacteria based on the partial sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA: the elevation of the subgenus Gluconoacetobacter to the generic level,” Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 61, 1244–1251 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Hestrin, M. Schramm, “Synthesis of cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum: preparation of freeze-dried cells capable of polymerizing glucose to cellulose,” Biochem. J. 58, 345–352 (1954). [PubMed]
  15. A. N. Shipway, E. Katz, I. Willner, “Nanoparticle arrays on surfaces for electronic, optical, and sensor applications,” ChemPhysChem 1, 18–52 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. H. Brown, Organic Chemistry (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1995), p. 740.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited