OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 42, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 2003
  • pp: 6342–6348

Mutual Diffusion Process for Continuous Fabrication of Graded-Index Plastic Rod Lenses

Yoshihiro Uozu and Kazuyuki Horie  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 31, pp. 6342-6348 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.42.006342


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (372 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose a new process for fabrication of plastic rod lenses based on the traditional method of fiber extrusion. The process consists of the following steps: multilayer conjugate extrusion, monomer diffusion between adjacent layers, and photopolymerization of an uncured strand fiber. We call this process a mutual diffusion process for continuous plastic rod lens fabrication. Characteristics of this process are as follows: fast production speed (~100 cm/min), precision control of refractive-index distribution, high angular aperture, and long-term reliability. The optical resolution of the rod-lens array is 300 dpi, which is high enough for application to G3 facsimiles with transmission time of less than 1 min and monochromatic scanners.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2760) Imaging systems : Gradient-index lenses
(110.4100) Imaging systems : Modulation transfer function
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(220.4610) Optical design and fabrication : Optical fabrication
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

Citation
Yoshihiro Uozu and Kazuyuki Horie, "Mutual Diffusion Process for Continuous Fabrication of Graded-Index Plastic Rod Lenses," Appl. Opt. 42, 6342-6348 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-42-31-6342


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. N. F. Borrelli, Microoptics Technology—Fabrication and Application of Lens Arrays and Devices (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1999).
  2. K. Iga and N. Yamamoto, “Plastic focusing fiber for imaging applications,” Appl. Opt. 16, 1305–1310 (1977).
  3. Y. Koike and Y. Ohtsuka, “Studies on the light-focusing plastic rod. 15: GRIN rod prepared by photocopolymerization of a ternary monomer system,” Appl. Opt. 22, 418–423 (1983).
  4. Y. Koike, N. Tanio, E. Nihei, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Gradient-index polymer materials and their optical devices,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 29, 1200–1204 (1989).
  5. Y. Koike, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” Polymer 32, 1737–1745 (1991).
  6. T. Ishigure, M. Sato, E. Nihei, and Y. Koike, “Graded-index polymer optical fiber with high thermal stability of bandwidth,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3986–3991 (1998).
  7. Y. Uodu and T. Ishimaru, “Optical characteristics of new plastic rod-lens array,” in Proceedings of Miyazaki International Symposium, 11th Symposium on Optical and Electrical Properties of Organic Materials, S. Tasaka, ed. (Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan, Tokyo, Japan, 1996), pp. 7–10.
  8. Y. Uodu and N. Toyoda, “Plastic rod-lens with excellent optical performance,” in Precision Plastic Optics for Optical Storage, Displays, Imaging, and Communication, W. F. Frank, ed., Proc. SPIE 3135, 112–123 (1997).
  9. N. Yamamoto and K. Iga, “Evaluation of gradient-index rod lenses by imaging,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1101–1104 (1980).
  10. M. Kawazu and Y. Ogura, “Application of gradient-index fiber arrays to copy machines,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1105–1112 (1980).
  11. W. L. Lama, “Optical properties of GRIN fiber lens arrays: dependence on fiber length,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2739–2746 (1982).
  12. K. Iga and Y. Kokubun, “Formulas for calculating the refractive index profile of optical fibers from transverse interference patterns,” Appl. Opt. 17, 1972–1974 (1978).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited