A portable UV laser-induced fluorescence system that uses a high pulsed repetition frequency (8-kHz) microchip laser at 266 nm, 13 switchable optical filters, and a gated photomultiplier tube detector has been developed and tested successfully for the detection of leached plastics (possibly bisphenol-A) and trace dissolved organic compounds in seawater. The instrument is 100 times more sensitive than commercial portable spectrofluorometers and measures a complete fluorescence spectrum in a moderate time period of 1–2 min. The system was tested in the Gulf of Mexico over varying water masses. In addition, fluorescence lifetime, bleaching, and temporal flow characteristics were studied.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced
Vasanthi Sivaprakasam, Robert F. Shannon, Jr., Caiyan Luo, Paula G. Coble, Jennifer R. Boehme, and Dennis K. Killinger, "Development and Initial Calibration of a Portable Laser-Induced Fluorescence System Used for In Situ Measurements of Trace Plastics and Dissolved Organic Compounds in Seawater and the Gulf of Mexico," Appl. Opt. 42, 6747-6756 (2003)