Plastic optical parts require antireflective as well as hard coatings. A novel design concept for coating plastics combines both functions. Symmetrical three-layer periods with a phase thickness of 3/2π are arranged in a multilayer to achieve a step-down refractive-index profile. It is shown mathematically that the equivalent index of symmetrical periods can be lower than the lowest refractive index of a material used in the design, if the phase thickness of the symmetrical period is set equal to 3/2π instead of the usual π/2. The straightforward application of the concept to the design of antireflection coatings in general is demonstrated by example.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
Ulrike Schulz, Uwe B. Schallenberg, and Norbert Kaiser, "Symmetrical Periods in Antireflective Coatings for Plastic Optics," Appl. Opt. 42, 1346-1351 (2003)