OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 11 — Apr. 10, 2004
  • pp: 2236–2241

Silver halide photonic crystal fibers for the middle infrared

Eran Rave, Pinhas Ephrat, Mati Goldberg, Efi Kedmi, and Abraham Katzir  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 11, pp. 2236-2241 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (376 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Photonic crystal fibers are normally holey silica fibers, which are opaque in the mid- and far-infrared. We have fabricated novel fibers by multiple extrusions of silver halide crystalline materials, which are highly transparent in the mid-infrared. These fibers are composed of two solid materials; The core consists of pure AgBr, and the cladding includes AgCl fiberoptic elements arranged in two concentric hexagonal rings around the core. Flexible fibers of outer diameter 1 mm and length of ∼1 m were fabricated, and their optical properties were measured. These fibers exhibited core-clad behavior and would be extremely useful for IR laser power transmission, IR radiometry, and IR spectroscopy.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared

Original Manuscript: October 8, 2003
Revised Manuscript: January 6, 2004
Published: April 10, 2004

Eran Rave, Pinhas Ephrat, Mati Goldberg, Efi Kedmi, and Abraham Katzir, "Silver halide photonic crystal fibers for the middle infrared," Appl. Opt. 43, 2236-2241 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibers with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420, 650–653 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Yablonovitch, “Photonic crystals: semiconductors of light,” Sci. Am. 285, 47–55 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, “Photonic crystal fibers: a new class of optical waveguides,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 5, 305–330 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Briks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. Knight, T. A. Brinks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Electron Lett. 34, 1347–1349 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Briks, P. St. J. Russell, “Group-velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1662–1664 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. Rave, K. Roodenko, A. Katzir, “Infrared photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1912–1914 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. St. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, “Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell’s equations in a planewave basis,” Opt. Express 8, 173–190 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Qiu, “Analysis of guided modes in photonic crystal fibers using the finite-difference time-domain method,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 30, 327–330 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. N. A. Mortensen, “Effective area of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 341–348 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. German, A. Katzir, “Fatigue of mixed silver halide polycrystalline optical fibers,” J. Mater. Sci. 31, 5109–5112 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Bunimovich, A. Katzir, “Dielectric properties of silver halide and potassium halide crystals,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2045–2048 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Sa’ar, A. Katzir, “Scattering effects in crystalline infrared fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 823–833 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. I. Paiss, F. Moser, A. Katzir, “Properties of silver halide core-clad fibers and the use of fiber bundle for thermal imaging,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 10, 275–290 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. P. Ephrat, K. Roodenko, L. Nagli, A. Katzir, “Scanning near-field infrared microscopy based on tappered silver-halide probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 637–639 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 1314–1319 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. I. Paiss, D. Bunimovich, A. Katzir, “Evanescent-wave infrared spectroscopy of solid materials using deformable silver-halide optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5867–5871 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. N. A. Mortensen, J. R. Folken, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Numerical aperture of single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1094–1096 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited