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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2004
  • pp: 2462–2483

Simulation of sea surface wave influence on small target detection with airborne laser depth sounding

H. Michael Tulldahl and K. Ove Steinvall  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 12, pp. 2462-2483 (2004)

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A theoretical model for simulation of airborne depth-sounding lidar is presented with the purpose of analyzing the influence from water surface waves on the ability to detect 1-m3 targets placed on the sea bottom. Although water clarity is the main limitation, sea surface waves can significantly affect the detectability. The detection probability for a target at a 9-m depth can be above 90% at 1-m/s wind and below 80% at 6-m/s wind for the same water clarity. The simulation model contains both numerical and analytical components. Simulated data are compared with measured data and give realistic results for bottom depths between 3 and 10 m.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.3310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Laser beam transmission
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media

Original Manuscript: June 7, 2003
Revised Manuscript: December 18, 2003
Published: April 20, 2004

H. Michael Tulldahl and K. Ove Steinvall, "Simulation of sea surface wave influence on small target detection with airborne laser depth sounding," Appl. Opt. 43, 2462-2483 (2004)

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