A photometer and tristimulus colorimeter has been developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to realize a color scale. A novel construction was developed to implement the spectral-responsivity-based scale with small uncertainty. The new device can be used as a reference illuminance and luminance meter as well. Temperature-controlled filter combinations, with 5–8 layers in one package, are used to match the responsivity of a silicon tunnel-trap detector to the CIE color-matching functions with small spectral mismatch values (<i>f</i><sub>1</sub>′). Design considerations to extend the tunnel-trap detector with replaceable single and double apertures and changeable filter combinations are described. The design and fabrication of the filter packages and the dependence of the <i>f</i><sub>1</sub>′ values on the thickness of the filter layers are discussed. The colorimeter was characterized for angular, spatial, and spectral responsivity. An improved preamplifier can convert current to voltage in an 11-decade dynamic range with 0.01% uncertainty.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
(120.5240) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Photometry
(330.1730) Vision, color, and visual optics : Colorimetry
George P. Eppeldauer and Miklós Rácz, "Design and Characterization of a Photometer-Colorimeter Standard," Appl. Opt. 43, 2621-2631 (2004)