OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2004
  • pp: 2777–2785

Measurement of the Azimuthal Dependence of Cross-Polarized Lidar Returns and its Relation to Optical Depth

Nathalie Roy, Gilles Roy, Luc R. Bissonnette, and Jean-Robert Simard  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 13, pp. 2777-2785 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.002777


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2158 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We measure with a gated intensified CCD camera the cross-polarized backscattered light from a linearly polarized laser beam penetrating a cloud made of spherical particles. In accordance with previously published results we observe a clear azimuthal pattern in the recorded images. We show that the pattern is symmetrical, that it originates from second-order scattering, and that higher-order scattering causes blurring that increases with optical depth. We also find that the contrast in the symmetrical features can be related to measurement of the optical depth. Moreover, when the blurring contributions are identified and subtracted, the resulting pattern provides a pure second-order scattering measurement that can be used for retrieval of droplet size.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects
(290.1310) Scattering : Atmospheric scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

Citation
Nathalie Roy, Gilles Roy, Luc R. Bissonnette, and Jean-Robert Simard, "Measurement of the Azimuthal Dependence of Cross-Polarized Lidar Returns and its Relation to Optical Depth," Appl. Opt. 43, 2777-2785 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-13-2777


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. R. M. Schotland, K. Sassen, and R. J. Stone, “Observations by lidar of linear depolarization ratios by hydrometeors,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 10, 1011–1017 (1971).
  2. K. Sassen, “Depolarization of laser light backscattered by artificial clouds,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 923–933 (1974).
  3. S. R. Pal and A. I. Carswell, “The polarization characteristics of lidar scattering from snow and ice crystals in the atmosphere,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 70–80 (1977).
  4. C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar observation of a mixed-phase altostratus cloud,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 16, 339–345 (1977).
  5. A. I. Carswell and S. R. Pal, “Polarization anisotropy in lidar multiple scattering from clouds,” Appl. Opt. 19, 4123–4126 (1980).
  6. S. R. Pal and A. I. Carswell, “Polarization anisotropy in lidar multiple scattering from atmospheric clouds,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3464–3471 (1985).
  7. M. J. Rakovic and G. W. Kattawar, “Theoretical analysis of polarization patterns from incoherent backscattering of light,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3333–3338 (1998).
  8. G. Roy, L. R. Bissonnette, C. Bastille, and G. Vallée, “Retrieval of droplet-size density distribution from multiple-field-of-view cross-polarized lidar signals,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5202–5211 (1999).
  9. L. R. Bissonnette, G. Roy, L. Poutier, S. G. Cober, and G. A. Isaac, “Multiple-scattering lidar retrieval method: tests on Monte Carlo simulations and comparisons with in situ measurements,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6307–6324 (2002).
  10. G. Roy, L. Bissonnette, and C. Bastille, “Efficient field-of-view control for multiple-field-of-view lidar receivers,” in Proceedings of 19th International Laser Radar Conference, NASA/CP-1998–207671/PT1 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 767–770.
  11. Y. Saito, M. Ishizuka, S. Nagao, T. D. Kawahara, A. Nomura, and K. Noguchi, “Imaging of multiple scattered laser beam passing through clouds: experiment and computer simulation,” in Proceedings of 19th International Laser Radar Conference, NASA/CP-1998–207671/PT1 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 169–172.
  12. C. Buil, CCD Astronomy: Construction of an Astronomical CCD Camera (Willmann-Bell, Richmond, Va., 1991), pp. 252–259.
  13. M. J. Rakovic, G. W. Kattawar, M. Mehrübeoglu, B. D. Cameron, L. V. Wang, S. Rastegar, and G. L. Coté, “Light backscattering polarization patterns from turbid media: theory and experiment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3399–3408 (1999).
  14. G. Roy, L. R. Bissonnette, C. Bastille, and G. Vallée, “Estimation of cloud droplet size density distribution from multiple-field-of-view lidar returns,” Opt. Eng. 36, 3404–3415 (1997).
  15. U. G. Oppel and M. Wengenmayer, “Diffusion of the lidar beam seen from the receiver,” in Lidar Multiple Scattering Experiments, C. Werner, U. G. Oppel, and T. Rother, eds., Proc. SPIE 5059, 21–30 (2003).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited