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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 2004
  • pp: 3449–3455

Liquid-crystal-deflector based variable fiber-optic attenuator

Nabeel A. Riza and Sajjad A. Khan  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 17, pp. 3449-3455 (2004)

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A compact, low-component-count, no-moving-parts variable optical attenuator (VOA) is demonstrated for the first time by means of beam spoiling that is implemented via an electrically reconfigurable nonpixelated nematic liquid-crystal deflector. The VOA design features an in-line alignment polarization-insensitive design that does not use bulky polarization splitting and combining optics. The proof-of-concept VOA at 1550 nm demonstrates a 30-dB attenuation range, a 2.5-dB insertion loss, a ≤0.8-dB polarization-dependent loss, and a 1-s maximum attenuation reset time. The VOA design can counter performance-reducing environmental effects such as excess-loss increases due to temperature variations.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

Original Manuscript: November 6, 2003
Revised Manuscript: February 12, 2004
Published: June 10, 2004

Nabeel A. Riza and Sajjad A. Khan, "Liquid-crystal-deflector based variable fiber-optic attenuator," Appl. Opt. 43, 3449-3455 (2004)

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