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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2004
  • pp: 3765–3771

Cryogenic far-infrared laser absorptivity measurements of the Herschel Space Observatory telescope mirror coatings

Jacqueline Fischer, Tjeerd Klaassen, Niels Hovenier, Gerd Jakob, Albrecht Poglitsch, and Oren Sternberg  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 19, pp. 3765-3771 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.003765


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Abstract

Far-infrared laser calorimetry was used to measure the absorptivity, and thus the emissivity, of aluminum-coated silicon carbide mirror samples produced during the coating qualification run of the Herschel Space Observatory telescope to be launched by the European Space Agency in 2007. The samples were measured at 77 K to simulate the operating temperature of the telescope in its planned orbit about the second Lagrangian point, L2, of the Earth-Sun system. Together, the telescope’s equilibrium temperature in space and the emissivity of the mirror surfaces will determine the far-infrared-submillimeter background and thus the sensitivity of two of the three astronomical instruments aboard the observatory if stray-light levels can be kept low relative to the mirror emission. Absorptivities of both clean and dust-contaminated samples were measured at 70, 118, 184, and 496 μm. Theoretical fits to the data predict absorptivities of 0.2–0.4% for the clean sample and 0.2–0.8% for the dusty sample, over the spectral range of the Herschel Space Observatory instruments.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.3080) Imaging systems : Infrared imaging
(110.4280) Imaging systems : Noise in imaging systems
(110.6770) Imaging systems : Telescopes
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(350.5340) Other areas of optics : Photothermal effects
(350.6090) Other areas of optics : Space optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 1, 2003
Revised Manuscript: April 12, 2004
Published: July 1, 2004

Citation
Jacqueline Fischer, Tjeerd Klaassen, Niels Hovenier, Gerd Jakob, Albrecht Poglitsch, and Oren Sternberg, "Cryogenic far-infrared laser absorptivity measurements of the Herschel Space Observatory telescope mirror coatings," Appl. Opt. 43, 3765-3771 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-19-3765

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