OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2004
  • pp: 3874–3892

Amplitude-modulated laser imager

Linda Mullen, Alan Laux, Brian Concannon, Eleonora P. Zege, Iosif L. Katsev, and Alexander S. Prikhach  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 19, pp. 3874-3892 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.003874


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2357 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Laser systems have been developed to image underwater objects. However, the performance of these systems can be severely degraded in turbid water. We have developed a technique using modulated light to improve underwater detection and imaging. A program, Modulated Vision System (MVS), which is based on a new theoretical approach, has been developed to predict modulated laser imaging performance. Experiments have been conducted in a controlled laboratory environment to test the accuracy of the theory as a function of system and environmental parameters. Results show a strong correlation between experiment and theory and indicate that the MVS program can be used to predict future system performance.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.3310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Laser beam transmission
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.4820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical systems
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media

History
Original Manuscript: September 30, 2003
Revised Manuscript: March 11, 2004
Published: July 1, 2004

Citation
Linda Mullen, Alan Laux, Brian Concannon, Eleonora P. Zege, Iosif L. Katsev, and Alexander S. Prikhach, "Amplitude-modulated laser imager," Appl. Opt. 43, 3874-3892 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-19-3874


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. P. Strand, “Underwater electro-optical system for mine identification,” in Detection Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets, A. C. Dubey, I. Cindrich, J. M. Ralston, K. A. Rigano, eds., Proc. SPIE2496, 487–497 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. G. R. Fournier, D. Bonnier, J. L. Forand, P. W. Pace, “Range-gated underwater laser imaging system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2185–2190 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. McLean, “High-resolution 3D underwater imaging,” in Airborne and In-Water Underwater Imaging, G. D. Gilbert, ed., Proc. SPIE3761, 10–19 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. M. W. Scott, “Range imaging laser radar,” U.S. patent4,935,616 (19June1990).
  5. J. W. Rish, S. M. Lebien, R. O. Nellums, J. Foster, J. W. Edwards, B. T. Blume, “Performance of a gated scannerless optical range imager against volume and bottom targets in a controlled underwater environment,” in Information Systems for Divers and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Operating in Very Shallow Water and Surf Zone Regions II, J. L. Wood-Putnam, ed., Proc. SPIE4039, 114–123 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Mullen, V. M. Contarino, P. R. Herczfeld, “Modulator lidar system,” U.S. patent5,822,047 (13October1998).
  7. L. Mullen, V. M. Contarino, P. R. Herczfeld, “Hybrid lidar-radar ocean experiment,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 44, 2703–2710 (1996).
  8. L. Mullen, E. Zege, I. Katsev, A. Prikhach, “Modulated lidar system: experiment and theory,” in Ocean Optics: Remote Sensing and Underwater Imaging, R. J. Frouin, G. D. Gilbert, eds., Proc. SPIE4488, 25–35 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. I. L. Katsev, E. P. Zege, A. S. Prikhach, I. N. Polonsky, “Efficient technique to determine backscattered light power for various atmospheric and oceanic sounding and imaging systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1338–1346 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, I. N. Polonsky, “Multicomponent approach to light propagation in clouds and mists,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2803–2812 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. P. Zege, A. P. Ivanov, I. L. Katsev, Image Transfer Through a Scattering Medium (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 1991). [CrossRef]
  12. E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, A. S. Prikhach, G. D. Ludbrook, P. Bruscaglioni, “Analytical and computer modeling of the ocean lidar performance,” in 12th International Workshop on Lidar Multiple Scattering Experiments, C. Werner, U. G. Oppel, T. Rother, eds., Proc. SPIE5059, 189–199 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Prentice, A. Laux, B. Concannon, L. Mullen, V. Contarino, A. Weidemann, “Comparison of Monte Carlo model predictions with tank beam spread experiments using a Maalox phase function obtained with volume scattering function instruments,” presented at the 2002 Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, 11–15 February 2002.
  14. F. W. Sears, M. W. Zemansky, H. D. Young, University Physics (Addison-Wesley, New York, 1987).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited