OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2004
  • pp: 4685–4696

Carbon monoxide total column retrievals by use of the measurements of pollution in the troposphere airborne test radiometer

Jianguo Niu, Merritt N. Deeter, John C. Gille, David P. Edwards, Daniel C. Ziskin, Gene L. Francis, Alan J. Hills, and Mark W. Smith  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 24, pp. 4685-4696 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3365 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) Airborne Test Radiometer (MATR) uses gas correlation filter radiometry from high-altitude aircraft to measure tropospheric carbon monoxide. This radiometer is used in support of the ongoing validation campaign for the MOPITT instrument aboard the Earth Observation System Terra satellite. A recent study of MATR CO retrievals that used data from the autumn of 2001 in the western United States is presented. Retrievals of the CO total column were performed and compared to in situ sampling with less than 10% retrieval error. Effects that influence retrieval, such as instrument sensitivity, retrieval sensitivity, and the bias between observations and the radiative transfer model, are discussed. Comparisons of MATR and MOPITT retrievals show promising consistency. A preliminary interpretation of MATR results is also presented.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5630) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Radiometry
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring

Original Manuscript: December 12, 2003
Revised Manuscript: May 4, 2004
Published: August 20, 2004

Jianguo Niu, Merritt N. Deeter, John C. Gille, David P. Edwards, Daniel C. Ziskin, Gene L. Francis, Alan J. Hills, and Mark W. Smith, "Carbon monoxide total column retrievals by use of the measurements of pollution in the troposphere airborne test radiometer," Appl. Opt. 43, 4685-4696 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. A. Logan, M. J. Prather, S. C. Wofsy, M. B. McElroy, “Tropospheric chemistry: a global perspective,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7210–7254 (1981). [CrossRef]
  2. P. J. Crutzen, L. E. Heidt, J. P. Krasnec, W. H. Pollock, W. Seiler, “Biomass burning as a source of atmospheric gases CO, H2, N2O, NO, CH3Cl and COS,” Nature 282, 253–256 (1979). [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Thompson, “The oxidizing capacity of the Earth’s atmosphere: probable past and future changes,” Science 256, 1157–1164 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Settle, J. V. Taranik, “Use of the Space Shuttle for remote sensing research: recent results and future prospects,” Science 218, 993–995 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. G. Reichle, S. M. Beck, R. E. Haynes, W. D. Hesketh, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. D. Orr, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, “Carbon monoxide measurements in the troposphere,” Science 218, 1024–1026 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, W. D. Hypes, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, B. B. Gormsen, M. S. Saylor, W. D. Hesketh, “Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981,” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 10865–10887 (1986). [CrossRef]
  7. H. G. Reichle, V. S. Connors, J. A. Holland, R. T. Sherrill, H. A. Wallio, J. C. Casas, E. P. Condon, B. B. Gormsen, W. Seiler, “The distribution of middle tropospheric carbon monoxide during early October 1984,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 9845–9856 (1990). [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Drummond, “Measurements of pollution in the troposphere (MOPITT),” in The Use of EOS for Studies of Atmospheric Physics, J. C. Gille, G. Visconti, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1992), pp. 77–101.
  9. B. T. Tolton, J. R. Drummond, “Characterization of the length-modulated radiometer,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5409–5420 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. T. Houghton, F. W. Taylor, C. D. Rodgers, Remote Sounding of Atmospheres (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1997), pp. 93–107.
  11. F. W. Taylor, “Pressure modulator radiometry,” in Spectrometric Technique, G. A. Vanasse, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), Vol. III, pp. 137–196.
  12. P. C. Novelli, K. A. Masarie, P. M. Lang, “Distributions and recent changes in carbon monoxide in the lower troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 19015–19033 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. P. C. Novelli, K. A. Masrie, P. M. Lang, B. D. Hall, R. C. Myers, J. W. Elkins, “Reanalysis of tropospheric CO trends: effects of the 1997–1998 wildfires,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 10.1029/2002JD003031 (2003).
  14. D. P. Edwards, C. M. Halvorson, J. C. Gille, “Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite measurement of pollution in the troposphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16755–16775 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. M. N. Deeter, L. K. Emmons, G. L. Francis, D. P. Edwards, J. C. Gille, J. X. Wanner, B. Khattatov, D. Ziskin, J.-F. Lamarque, S.-P. Ho, V. Yudin, J.-L. Attie, D. Packman, J. Chen, D. Mao, J. R. Drummond, “Operational carbon monoxide retrieval algorithm and selected results for the MOPITT instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4399, doi:10.1029/2002JD003196 (2003).
  16. J. W. Salisbury, D. M. D’Atria, “Emissivity of terrestrial materials in the 3–5 μm atmospheric window,” Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 345–361 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. W. C. Snyder, Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, Y.-Z. Feng, “Thermal infrared (3–14 μm) bidirectional reflectance measurements of sands and soils,” Remote Sens. Environ. 60, 101–109 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. Z. Wan, Z.-L. Li, “A physics-based algorithm for retrieving land-surface emissivity and temperature from EOS/MODIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 35, 980–996 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. D. A. Chu, Y. J. Kaufman, G. Zibordi, J. D. Chern, J. Mao, C. Li, B. N. Holben, “Global monitoring of air pollution over land from the Earth Observing System-Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS),” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 10.1029/2002JD003179 (2003).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited