OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2004
  • pp: 4711–4717

Ground-based imaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric gases

Falko Lohberger, Gerd Hönninger, and Ulrich Platt  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 24, pp. 4711-4717 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1390 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a compact remote-sensing instrument that permits spatially resolved mapping of atmospheric trace gases by passive differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) and present our first applications of imaging of the nitrogen dioxide contents of the exhaust plumes of two industrial emitters. DOAS permits the identification and quantification of various gases, e.g., NO2, SO2, and CH2O, from their specific narrowband (differential) absorption structures with high selectivity and sensitivity. With scattered sunlight as the light source, DOAS is used with an imaging spectrometer that is simultaneously acquiring spectral information on the incident light in one spatial dimension (column). The second spatial dimension is scanned by a moving mirror.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.7030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Troposphere
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring

Original Manuscript: August 19, 2003
Published: August 20, 2004

Falko Lohberger, Gerd Hönninger, and Ulrich Platt, "Ground-based imaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric gases," Appl. Opt. 43, 4711-4717 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. J. Finlayson-Pitts, J. N. Pitts, Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere: Theory, Experiments and Applications (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2000).
  2. S. Svanberg, Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy, 2nd ed., Vol. 6 of Springer Series on Atoms and Plasmas (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1992). [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Burrows, M. Weber, M. Buchwitz, V. Rozanov, A. Ladstaetter-Weissenmayer, A. Richter, M. Eisinger, “The Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME): mission concept and first scientific results,” J. Atm. Sci. 56, 151–175 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, A. H. P. Goede, “SCIAMACHY—mission objectives and measurement modes,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127–150 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. E. Laan, J. de Vries, B. Kruizinga, H. Visser, P. Levelt, G. H. J. van den Oord, A. Maelkki, G. Leppelmeier, E. Hilsenrath, “Ozone monitoring with the OMI instrument,” in Imaging Spectrometry VI, M. R. Descour, S. S. Shen, eds., Proc. SPIE4132, 334–343 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Sandsten, P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, “Real-time gas-correlation imaging employing thermal background radiation,” Opt. Express 6, 92–103 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Harig, G. Matz, P. Rusch, “Scanning infrared remote sensing system for identification, visualization, and quantification of airborne pollutants,” in Instrumentation for Air Pollution and Global Atmospheric Monitoring, J. O. Jensen, R. L. Spellicy, eds., Proc. SPIE4574, 83–94 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. U. Platt, “Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS),” in Air Monitoring by Spectroscopic Techniques, M. Sigrist, ed., (Wiley, New York, 1994), pp. 27–83.
  9. J. Nieke, H. Schwarzer, A. Neumann, G. Zimmermann, “Imaging spaceborne and airborne sensor systems in the beginning of the next century,” in Sensors, Systems and Next Generation Satellites, H. Fujisada, ed., Proc. SPIE3221, 581–592 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. U. Platt, D. Perner, H. Pätz, “Simultaneous measurements of atmospheric CH2O, O3, and NO2 by differential optical absorption,” Geophys. Res. 84D, 6329–6335 (1979). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Stutz, U. Platt, “Numerical analysis and error estimation of differential optical absorption spectroscopy measurements with least-squares methods,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6041–6053 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. F. Grainger, J. Ring, “Anomalous Fraunhofer line profiles,” Nature 193, 762 (1962). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Solomon, A. L. Schmeltekopf, R. W. Sanders, “On the interpretation of zenith sky absorption measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 8311–8319 (1987). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Fish, R. Jones, “Rotational Raman scattering and the Ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 811–814 (1995). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Voigt, J. Orphal, J. Burrows, “UV-visible absorption cross-sections of NO2 and O3 at atmospheric temperatures and pressures by FTS,” in Proceedings of the 1st European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS-99), document ESA WPP-161 (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1999), pp. 443–465; http://www.iup.physik.uni-bremen.de/gruppen/molspec/index.html .
  16. C. Hermans, A. C. Vandaele, M. Carleer, S. Fally, R. Colin, A. Jenouvrier, B. Coquart, M. F. Mérienne, “Absorption cross-sections of atmospheric constituents: NO2, O2, and H2O,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 6, 151–158 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. C. Fayt, M. van Roozendael, WinDOAS 2.1—Software User Manual (Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aëronomie/Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium, 2001).
  18. A. C. Vandaele, T. C. Simon, J. M. Goilmont, C. M. Carleer, R. Colin, “SO2 absorption cross section measurement in the UV using a Fourier transform spectrometer,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 25,599–25,605 (1994). [CrossRef]
  19. T. Gomer, T. Brauers, F. Heintz, J. Stutz, U. Platt, “MFC 1.98m User Manual” (Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany, 1996).
  20. Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, “Technische Anleitung zur Reinhaltung der Luft,” German governmental administrative instructions (Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, Berlin, Germany, 2002).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited