OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2004
  • pp: 4941–4956

Performance capabilities of middle-atmosphere temperature lidars: comparison of Na, Fe, K, Ca, Ca+, and Rayleigh systems

Chester S. Gardner  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 25, pp. 4941-4956 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.004941


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (234 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The measurement accuracies of modern resonance fluorescence and Rayleigh temperature lidars are limited primarily by photon noise. The narrowband three-frequency fluorescence technique is shown to perform within a few decibels of the theoretical optimum at night for both temperature and wind observations. These systems also exhibit good performance during the day because the fluorescence wavelengths of Na, Fe, K, Ca, and Ca+ all correspond to strong solar Fraunhofer lines, where sky brightness is attenuated by a factor of 5 or more. Whereas Na systems achieve the highest signal-to-noise ratios for mesopause region observations (80–105 km), the three-frequency Fe system is attractive because it performs well as both a fluorescence and a Rayleigh lidar throughout the middle atmosphere at approximately 25–110 km.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(280.1310) Remote sensing and sensors : Atmospheric scattering
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh

History
Original Manuscript: February 12, 2004
Revised Manuscript: May 4, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: May 21, 2004
Published: September 1, 2004

Citation
Chester S. Gardner, "Performance capabilities of middle-atmosphere temperature lidars: comparison of Na, Fe, K, Ca, Ca+, and Rayleigh systems," Appl. Opt. 43, 4941-4956 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-43-25-4941

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited