OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 43, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2004
  • pp: 5143–5151

Design of a nonnull interferometer for aspheric wave fronts

John E. Greivenkamp and Robert O. Gappinger  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 27, pp. 5143-5151 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1217 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The presence of highly aspheric wave fronts in an interferometer leads to a need for system calibration, and this calibration requirement affects the design of the interferometer. Dynamic range, vignetting, and the ability to characterize components all must be considered during the design stages. The interferometer must be designed with respect to wave-front propagation as opposed to reference sphere aberrations. A nonnull interferometer for measurement of aspheric transmitted wave fronts has been developed, and the design process is described. Transmitted wave fronts for a conformal window and a progressive-addition bifocal lens have been measured to demonstrate the applicability of the system to aspheric testing.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.4570) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical design of instruments
(120.4820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical systems
(220.1250) Optical design and fabrication : Aspherics
(220.4830) Optical design and fabrication : Systems design

Original Manuscript: February 3, 2004
Revised Manuscript: June 5, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: June 5, 2004
Published: September 20, 2004

John E. Greivenkamp and Robert O. Gappinger, "Design of a nonnull interferometer for aspheric wave fronts," Appl. Opt. 43, 5143-5151 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. E. Greivenkamp, “Sub-Nyquist interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 26, 5245–5258 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. J. Palum, J. E. Greivenkamp, “Sub-Nyquist interferometry: results and implementation issues,” in Laser Interferometry: Quantitative Analysis of Interferograms III, R. J. Pryputniewcz, ed., Proc. SPIE1162, 378–388 (1989). [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. Greivenkamp, A. E. Lowman, R. J. Palum, “Sub-Nyquist interferometry: implementation and measurement capability,” Opt. Eng. 35, 2962–2969 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. A. E. Lowman, “Calibration of a non-null interferometer for aspheric testing,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., 1995).
  5. A. E. Lowman, J. E. Greivenkamp, “Interferometer induced wavefront errors when testing in a non-null configuration,” in Interferometry: Techniques and Analysis II, R. J. Pryputniewcz, G. M. Brown, W. P. O. Jueptner, eds., Proc. SPIE2004, 173–181 (1993).
  6. R. O. Gappinger, J. E. Greivenkamp, “Iterative reverse optimization procedure for calibration of aspheric wave-front measurements on a nonnull interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 43, 5152–5161 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. E. Lowman, J. E. Greivenkamp, “Modeling an interferometer for non-null testing of aspheres,” in Optical Manufacturing and Testing, V. J. Doherty, H. P. Stahl, eds., Proc. SPIE2536, 139–147 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Malacara, “Twyman–Green interferometer,” in Optical Shop Testing, 2nd ed., D. Malacara, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1992), pp. 74–75.
  9. R. Gappinger, G. A. Williby, J. E. Greivenkamp, J. M. Sasian, “Design of afocal components for optical metrology systems,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, Vol. 42 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 115–117.
  10. R. O. Gappinger, J. E. Greivenkamp, C. Borman, “High modulation camera for use with a non-null interferometer,” Opt. Eng. 43, 289–296 (2004).
  11. R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, New York, 1978).
  12. R. R. Shannon, “Overview of conformal optics,” in Window and Dome Technologies and Materials VI, R. W. Tustison, ed., Proc. SPIE3705, 180–188 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. P. H. Marushin, J. M. Sasian, T. Y. Lin, B. Robinson, J. Ashkenazi, J. E. Greivenkamp, “Demonstration of a conformal window imaging system: design, fabrication and testing,” in Window and Dome Technologies and Materials VII, R. W. Tustison, ed., Proc. SPIE4375, 154–159 (2001). [CrossRef]
  14. W. F. Long, “A matrix formalism for decentration problems,” Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 53, 27–33 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited